If we were to reduce the seven and a half billion people currently residing on the planet, down to only one hundred people and all living in the only village in the world, who would they be? Or rather what would the village initially look like before any changes, which would undoubtedly occur, and if they would survive. Would they get along? Where would the village be? These are questions that could be discussed at extreme length and have been, throughout human history, and when discussing, one could easily fall down into numerous bottomless rabbit-holes. Since we are talking about human nature here, and not just any other far less complicated, but just as intelligent animal on the planet. Roles would obviously change, especially since all the focus would have to be on hunting, gathering and growing, and not spending. As to authority it’d either be one of two eggs, egalitarian or ego. There would also be just as many males and females with alpha, sigma or beta traits. All of which is far too interesting, with most conclusions based on the roll of the dice, for all the permutations, outcomes, and scenarios there would be. For being human is a very complicated affair.
The following statistics were first published in 1992 by the Retired Peace Corps Volunteers of Madison, Wisconsin, in a curriculum entitled “Unheard Voices: Celebrating Cultures from the Developing World”. Shortly thereafter the statistics appeared as an email that continues to be circulated and viewed by millions of people around the world. This updated version includes the detailed research, statistics and source information of the “100 People: A World Portrait, A Global Education Toolbox” project at 100people.org/statistics, first posted in 2016. And also includes a further updated version made in January 2019 by Matt Rosenberg, at thoughtco.com/if-the-world-were-a-village.
Someone rings a bell, summoning the other ninety-nine villagers to assemble in the town square. Fifty would be male and fifty would be female, all hetrosexual, except for three who would be either gay or lesbian.
Twenty-seven would be under 14 years of age, sixty-six between the ages of 15 and 64, and only seven grey-hairs over 65.
Seventy would be non-white, thirty white. The vast majority (61) of the village would be Asian, of these; twenty are Chinese, and seventeen are East Indians. There would also be fourteen Africans, eleven Europeans, nine Latinos or South Americans, five North Americans, while none of the villagers would be from Australia, Oceania, or Antarctica.
It would no doubt be a true polyglot village, with seventeen people speaking Mandarin or Cantonese, nine speaking English, eight Hindi, six Russian, six Spanish, four Arabic, with the other fifty people somehow speaking over 5,000 other languages.
Thirty-three villagers would be Christians, twenty-two would be Muslims, thirteen Hindus, six Buddhists, two atheists, twelve not religious, or don’t identify themselves as being aligned with a particular faith, and the remaining twelve would be members of other religions. Judaism would not exist.
As to the villager’s individual characters, and though personality is not categorical, it is dimensional, for when people mature and grow, their personality also matures and grows, there would still be basically four personality types, with the most common being average. The average individual would experience such feelings as anxiety, worry, fear, anger, frustration, envy, jealousy, guilt, depressed mood, and loneliness, with ten of the females and six of the males in the village suffering from depression. On the other side of the coin the average person in the village would also be outgoing and social, with most enjoying being with people, participating in social gatherings, wanting to be happy, and are full of energy.
Not so average would be the reserved and silent types, who are generally not open or neurotic, but are emotionally stable. They tend to be introverted, agreeable and conscientious. Then there would be the few role-models and natural leaders who possess high levels of agreeableness, outgoingness, openness and conscientiousness. They listen to new ideas and are reliable. There will also be some villagers, who are self-centered, and though they are often very outgoing and social, they suffer from low levels of openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness. And finally, one of the hundred would be a sociopath and/or a psychopath.
Physically, fourteen would be obese, and a part of the thirty villagers who would always have enough to eat. Over half the village would be malnourished, fifteen would be undernourished, with one dying of starvation. Twenty-five people would have tuberculosis, one would have HIV, twelve would be disabled, and twenty would smoke cigarettes.More than twenty-five people would regularly consume alcohol, but only seven of them would be alcoholics. Similarly, about six people would take some sort of drug at least once a year, with only one among them, an addict (using daily). And of the one hundred, around fifteen of them would recreationally smoke cannabis sativa, for its religious and spiritual moods and properties, and for medication.
By the end of a year, one villager would die and two new villagers would be born, so the population would climb to 101. There would be a one in three chance the person dying would die from a cardiovascular disease, a heart attack, stroke, cancers, or diabetes. Overall, over their lifetimes, thirty-one of the hundred would eventually die of a cardiovascular disease.
Of the thirty-seven children under 14 years old, six girls and five boys would have suffered child sexual abuse. Of the sixty to seventy adults, fifteen would have been either physically or emotionally abused as children. While one in five women and one in thirteen men in the village was sexually abused as a child.
Eighty of the villagers would have access to clean, safe drinking water, twenty would not. Sixty-eight would breathe clean air, while thirty-two would breathe polluted air. And while fifty-seven would have improved sanitation, only thirty-four of them would actually have access to a toilet. Forty-three people would live without basic sanitation.
Fifty-four people would live within the village proper, while forty-six would be rural dwellers. Seventy-eight people out of the one hundred would have a place to shelter them from the wind and the rain, twenty-two would not, with the vast majority (80%) of villagers living in substandard housing.
Overall, eighty-six would be able to read and write, while fourteen would not. 78% of the eligible males and 76% of eligible females would have a primary school education, with 66% of them (combined) at least finishing high school. Seven out of the one hundred villagers would have a college degree. In 1992 only one villager had a degree.
As to people’s freedoms, forty-eight wouldn’t be allowed to speak out loud, and act according to their faith and conscience, due to harassment, imprisonment, torture or death, while fifty-two of the villagers could. And while twenty would live in fear of death by bombardment, armed attack, landmines, or of rape or kidnapping by armed groups, eighty would not.
Sixty-six people would not have access to safe and affordable surgery, with thirty-three people unable to pay for any medicine they might need.
Of the one hundred, thirty would be unemployed or underemployed. Of the seventy who would work, twenty-eight would work in agriculture, fourteen in industry, and the remaining twenty-eight would work in the service sector. Fifty-three villagers would live on less than two U.S. dollars a day. While only sixteen villagers would be able to spend more than $20 per day. One person in the village, an American, would be able to spend over $100 per day, as well as control 50% of all the wealth. Overall, 85% of the village’s wealth would be owned by only six people, four of them the only Americans in the village, with seventy people owning only 3% of the wealth.
Though, eighty-two people would have electricity, eighteen would not. There would be 18 cars in the village, with most people walking, biking, or using horse and buggy.
The village would have a mobile-cellular network, with eighty people having a cell-phone, and forty-seven people active internet users. But only have each other to talk and communicate with. In 1992 only one person in the village had a computer.
To end, “If you keep your food in a refrigerator, your clothes in a closet, and you have a bed to sleep in, and a roof over your head, you are richer than 77% of the entire world population.” Comparatively, if you have money in the bank, some in your wallet, pocket or purse, and spare change in a dish somewhere, you are among the top 10% of the worlds wealthy.
In a village of only one hundred people would such things really matter? History has proven that unfortunately, they would. But one could hope that everyone would get along. Instead of everyone retreating into fragmented groups, and simply dying off.
https://www.internationalcap.org › Abuse & Neglect Info