10/20/18

Grand Deluges – A Pedantic Wet Dream

A Book by Joe Peters

Proudly and humbly announcing my new book, Grand Deluges – A Pedantic Wet Dream

From a 32 page essay I wrote years ago and kept going back to, I fell down the rabbit hole it became and after a couple of years of writing at night and painting houses during the day, Grand Deluges appeared. Feedback so far has been very good, from “unique writing style and pace” to “very relative to today considering it’s like an encyclopedia written as a story” to “refreshing, rational and at times even funny”, and a “very interesting non-linear read”.

A dense tale told in fragments, covering a plethora of topics branching out from the inception of the planet Earth, through its geological, environmental and atmospheric changes, to the beginning of life forms, and the development of the human species, in body and mind. With forks in the road, covering such things as science, myth, spirituality, hunters and gatherers, the birth of agriculture, religions, civilizations, empires and our social worlds, and societies. And signposts along the way touching on everything from climate disruption and the actions of nature, whether human or otherwise, the degradation of forests, land, the sea and air, to pluralistic ignorance, cognitive dissonance, facts, myths and theories, education, politics, capitalism, socialism, monetary systems, and to be or not to be human.

Hope you enjoy the read.

484 Pages / 23 Pages Bibliography, Research & References

Proof-Reader/ Co-Editor: Janet James

Cover Design: Peter Scott

Author/Publisher/Editing /Formatting: Joseph Peters

Printed by Bruce A. Cadorette / Advantage Graphix Inc

Vancouver BC, Canada, August, 2018.

 

For ordering information –Go here

09/21/19

Inside Agendas 21 and 2030

A 17 Page Dense Essay

Some things about skeptics, which in ancient Greece were called skeptikos, defined as someone who doubted even the possibility of real knowledge. While the Latin word scepticus, meant being thoughtful, inquiring and reflective. Its most up to date definition is someone who questions validity or authenticity of something purporting to be factual. Whether values, plans, mainstream media news, the goals of those in power, statements, or the character of others.

Oddly, in science a healthy skepticism is a professional necessity, in religion, having belief without evidence is regarded as a virtue. Or as George Carlin once said, “Tell people, there’s an invisible man in the sky who created the universe, and the vast majority will believe you. Tell them the paint is wet, and they have to touch it to be sure.

Just because someone tells us something, or we see something online or on TV, until otherwise proven by facts, actions, and/or behavior, we should take it with a grain of salt. Much like when we were young children walking around asking, why, how come, why not, and what do you mean? To do otherwise would seem something was wrong with us. But then we also continue to give people the benefit of the doubt, which is also pretty crazy. Considering this is where the predators, exploiters, and abusers hide behind. Hence, over 95 per cent of child and spousal mental, physical and sexual abuse is done by a known family member.

One should consider things, examine them, and not take them for granted, don’t ya think? Research and listen to all sides of any debate or information received, no matter how painful it may be. Through understanding where all sides are coming from, is where the nuggets of truth stand out when comparing them, and which may be missed by the many who know of only one side. Because either side whether liberal or conservative are sometimes right and sometimes not.

Being skeptical is similar to critical thinking in that it does not mean criticizing everything and everybody in sight. Critical thinking is when we use all our intellectual skills by means of observation, learning, experience, reasoning and communication, to form a reliable guide to belief. Sadly we have replaced such problem-solving ability with self-righteousness.

George Orwell wrote, “The further a society drifts from the truth, the more it will hate those that speak it”, so true. Today anyone who criticizes say, the government of Israel’s Zionistic policies against the Palestinians are deemed anti-Semitic, even though one doesn’t need to be Jewish to be a Zionist, indeed in the US and UK there are many Christian-Zionists. Because Judaism is a religion while Zionism is a political ideology. Or he, who questions government explanations for events and actions, is labelled a conspiracy nut or dissident. To criticize and question the propaganda that portrays Russia as the bad man in the world, one is deemed a Putin puppet. Say mainstream media is in the smear business, they will smear you. Question immigration policy one is a racist, open a door for a lady while smiling, a sexist. Recently a white guy got his knickers in a twist because I wouldn’t apologize for being white, just like a black guy wouldn’t apologize for being black or an Asian guy wouldn’t apologize for being Asian.

Those who are skeptical simply want the truth. As someone once said “Being intelligent…….not because you question everything, but because you question everything you think you know.” People are skeptical and so we should be. There are also people who simply don’t like to be lied to or made fun of, or feel they are, which often only brings paranoia and distrust. Others don’t want to be considered “the other” by their tribe, so will believe what they are told and ignore the discrepancies in the actions and behaviour of others in their own tribe. And of course there are also people who are skeptic of skeptics.

Much of what is written here does not necessarily mean it is what I truly believe, for I remain skeptical, but it is what I have found to be confirmed, known, and discussed whether by theory or fact, and from multiple sources, and simply makes sense. So until further information presents itself, maybe it’s closer to the truth. For there are many things we have been told that do not make sense, and so very much we do not, nor will ever know.

For many people all we know of history is our own, and with history being re-written all the time to line up with today’s narrative, what we think went down and what actually did, lies in a fog that covers us all as a cloak and unfortunately, will soon be forgotten. Such deception is what we need to free ourselves from. The following is what I think about the global initiatives, Agenda 21 and 30, and why I think they are insidious. I don’t think I’m sharing anything new, other than following dots along threads, falling down rabbit holes, researching, and hopefully looking at things under a different light. Personally I’d be unable to make such things up.

Dogmatism and skepticism are both, in a sense, absolute philosophies; one is certain of knowing, the other of not knowing. What philosophy should dissipate is certainty, whether of knowledge or ignorance.” – Bertrand Russell

Not to be read by the faint of heart, easily triggered, close minded or unhinged, and anyone who doesn’t want to know about anything that may disrupt their daily routine and programming. But then maybe it should.

The Back Story

Signed in 1992 by 177 countries, Agenda 21 is a legally non-binding statement of intent, and not a treaty, of the United Nations with regard to sustainable development. A product of the Earth (Rio) Summit (UN Conference on Environment and Development) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, that year. It is based on the economy, environment and social equity, and targets five main goals, People, the Planet, Prosperity, Peace and Partnership. In the US their Senate did not hold a formal debate or vote on it when President George H. W. Bush signed it, but did have support from Representatives Nancy Pelosi, Eliot Engel and William Broomfield. It also enacted the polluter pays principle, to make a party responsible for producing pollution responsible for paying for the damage done to the natural environment or simply a Carbon Tax. Which doesn’t stop anyone from polluting; it just means they have to pay a little extra for it.

Speaking at the Rio summit, 12 year old Severn Cullis-Suzuki, daughter of Canadian environmentalist David Suzuki, spoke about how she was “afraid to breath the air” or go out in the sun, and warned of mass extinctions of plants and animals. She pleaded that rich nations should stop spending money on wars and instead, “Let go of some of our wealth”. She felt, “At school, even in kindergarten, you teach us how to behave in the world. You teach us not to fight with others, to work things out, to respect others, to clean up our mess, not to hurt other creatures, to share, not be greedy. Then why do you go out and do the things you tell us not to do? Do not forget why you are attending these conferences, who you are doing this for. We are your own children. You are deciding what kind of a world we are growing up in.”  They, and we, did decide, by continuing on status quo for nearly 30 more years, with their Agenda 21 being implemented along the way. Ms Suzuki’s language was similar to angry 16-year-old girl Greta Thunberg, who tried shaming world leaders in a tearful tirade at the UN, in September/2019, because she has been brainwashed to believe the world will cease to exist in ten years. It’s an odd way to go about dealing with a problem. Something like climate change, where only a part of the problem is from human activity, one would think cooperation would be the way to go, instead of berating and screaming. Thunberg especially went after Germany, France, Brazil, Argentina and Turkey. She even filed a legal formal complaint against them for their carbon emissions, yet didn’t have anything to say about the largest polluters in the world, the US and China. Conveniently her speech overshadowed the fact that at the same UN conference, over 50 countries strongly denounced and spoke out against Israel’s apartheid of Palestine.

In 1996 Bill Clinton put forth America’s own version of the plan through the “Presidential Council on Sustainable Development”, which published the book “Sustainable America – A New Consensus”, and which outlines plans for its indoctrination, propaganda, and to neutralize opposition. The focal points of Agenda 21 in the US became the Division Chief for Sustainable Development and Multilateral Affairs, Office of Environmental Policy, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, and the US Department of State. In other countries, such as the UK, Canada, France, and Australia, Agenda 21 is overseen by similar and corresponding agencies. In effect it is a control of resources and populations plan, with a side of eugenics, and an attempt to put a “collective” agenda over individual rights. And very few have heard about it.

Nor of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which was adopted by 193 UN member states in September 2015 at a UN summit. The 2030 Agenda is universal, applying to all countries and requiring them for the next 15 years, “to accelerate climate change and environmental protection, reduce unemployment, strengthen gender equality, and promote peaceful societies if the world is to eradicate poverty and shift into a more sustainable development”. They recognize that a range of social needs, including education, health, and social protection, can be addressed by building economic growth.

The 2030 Agenda targets the same five main goals of Agenda 21, but that extra effort was to be given to 17 new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to the original document. Right out of Huxley’s Brave New World, the goals now include,

  • No Poverty
  • Zero Hunger
  • Good Health and Well-being
  • Quality Education
  • Gender Equality
  • Clean Water and Sanitation
  • Affordable and Clean Energy
  • Decent Work and Economic Growth
  • Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
  • Reduced Inequality
  • Sustainable Cities and Communities
  • Responsible Consumption and Production
  • Climate Action
  • Life Below Water
  • Life on Land
  • Peace and Justice
  • Strong Institutions and Partnerships

And that all these goals are achieved before 2030, only ten years away, or the world ends. Their motto is, “If we realize our ambitions across the full extent of the Agenda, the lives of all will be profoundly improved and our world will be transformed for the better.” Sounds lovely in a controlling sort of way, with the actual agenda and the gritty details on how they want to reach such goals, we will be discussing later, below.

Agenda 21 was set up to be executed at local, national, and global levels. By going through the UN, the people behind the agenda are doing an end run around national governments and working directly with local governments and multilateral organizations. It is a calculated attempt to end sovereignty of both soul and country, by a central un-elected authority controlling everything, and reshaping consumption patterns as to what we buy, eat, use, and how and where we are to live. They use the control of Marxist/totalitarian concepts, but without the revolution part, thus it has been instead spoon-fed to us for over fifty years.

Those behind such a project are the same geopolitical plutocratic elite who are controlling much of the narrative today. And if we are being honest here, after seeing and listening to Mark Zuckerberg, do you actually believe he is running one of the largest companies in the world? For the sake of a number of variations, we’ll call such plutocratic elite and their corporations, globalists. At the top are families who do not align themselves with any country or government. They do not care for the humanity they are trying to reform, nor the environment, with generational paedophilia running deep in their veins. Such globalists hold massive control over just about everything, with their central banks literally running much of the world. Families such as the Payseur, Nobel, Astor, DuPont, Reynolds, Rockefeller, and Rothschild, control the banks and corporations at the top, who then control governments by giving politicians absurd amounts of money towards their campaigns, and purchasing their bias and leniency through a process we call gerrymandering and lobbying. It continues for generations as the corporations offer lots of possible lucrative job and business opportunities for not only politicians after they leave office, but their spouses, even their grown kids.

The neo-conservative, revisionist Zionists meanwhile, by President Ronald Reagan’s exit from office, had infiltrated the US State Department and the Pentagon, taken control of foreign policy, and both the democrat and republican parties, and began to take over the republic. In their own bubble the neo-conservative Koch brothers have been doing the same thing. They all live within bubbles, where they and their family only hang out with others in the same bubble. Most all, feel above the rest of us regular folk, and don’t trust us to make our own decisions, because they fabricated who we are and know us very well, so feel they must decide for us. And though they are evil in their intentions, like many terrorists they are not madmen. They are very well organized, extremely dedicated, disciplined, and usually “retaliation proof”.

The globalists came to ruling the world when they took control of the oil industry at the end of the 19th century. Before that time they were railroad barons, financiers, ship builders, arms manufacturers, and industrialists. They expanded their central banking system globally, from the original 12 banks that made up the Bank of England (House of Rothschild), which was managed at the time by the corporation, The City of London, which contrary to popular belief is not a part of England, just as Washington DC is not a part of the US. The City of London came into fruition after The English Civil War in the 17th century, while Washington DC was incorporated in 1871, and would later allow the globalists to open their private, central bank, the Federal Reserve in 1913, to eventually make and keep the US dollar the global default currency of exchange. This would prove handy because by 1945 their endeavors during their British Empire had come to a close, so they simply shifted focus onto their new empire. And their new empire, though currently being attacked fom within, has been very successful. In 2000 the only State central banks not controlled by the globalists, included China, Russia, Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran, Libya, Sudan, North Korea, and Cuba. Today the holdouts are only China, Russia, Iran, North Korea, and Cuba.

A few years after the Federal Reserve came into being; in 1921 the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) was founded by British Oxford Rhodes scholars and Fabians. It is a US nonprofit, 4900 member organization, publisher, and think tank specializing in US foreign policy and international affairs. Headquartered in New York City, they have an additional office in Washington DC. Its membership has included senior politicians, more than a dozen secretaries of state, CIA directors, bankers, lawyers, professors, and senior media figures. Today the CFR promotes globalization, free trade, reducing financial regulations on transnational corporations, and economic consolidation into regional blocs such as NAFTA and the European Union, and develops policy recommendations that reflect these goals. They are the most influential foreign-policy think tank in the US, dictating much of US policy whether foreign or domestic. In the mid-nineties, they and the neoconservative think tank, Project for the New American Century (PNAC), whose members included Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz,Robert Kagan, Richard Perle, Elliott Abrams, and John Bolton, came up with a plan for the US’s future role in the world. The report called for a “new Pearl Harbor” type event, which would give the US a rationale to enter the Middle East militarily and change the entire political landscape. A few years later, 9/11 accomplished this goal. The globalists have known for over a century that theyonly need to get away with one major false flag every couple of decades to push the populace into a war or a cultural crisis which can be exploited. The problem for the US is after 9/11 they insanely began walking the road the previous Soviet Union had walked. Where after a decade-long bungled war in Afghanistan the Soviet Union went bankrupt and their communist manifesto dissolved.

On the flip side, The John Birch Society, founded by the Koch brother’s father, Fred Koch, in 1958, represents a conservative political philosophy found primarily in the US stressing tradition, limited government and civil society, along with religious, regional, national and Western identity. They echo the most common accusation against the CFR, that it is “Guilty of conspiring with others to build a one world government…”

The globalist’s network of central banks today includethe American bank Goldman Sachs, which was founded in 1869, andJPMorgan Chase & Co. which is the largest bank in the US, and the world’s sixth largest bank by total assets (US $2.6 trillion). Before 2000 it was the Bank of the Manhattan Company, founded in 1799, and had gained incredible power and wealth after literally making a killing over the American Civil War, and from the loans given to rebuild. Six years after the Civil War, Washington DC became the corporation it is. Other central banks include Barclays PLC (founded in 1690) in the City of London, the German, Deutsche Bank AG (1870); the French, Société Générale S.A. or SocGen (1864); the Swedish, Swedbank AB (1820), and the Swiss investment bank UBS Group AG (1862), one of the “biggest, most powerful financial institutions in the world”. Interestingly most of these banks were founded within and around the same decade of the Civil War, for the globalists had to be able to manage and distribute the incredible amounts of money they had made off both sides during the war.

By the end of the 1940’s the globalists had the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which was to be the keeper of the rules and the main instrument of public international management, and the World Bank Group (WBG). The WBG is a group of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries. Both began lending money out hand over fist, even to countries that had no chance in hell of ever paying the loan back.

After making hundreds of billions of dollars from both World Wars, with US arms manufacturers making over $330 billion US dollars on World War II alone, they thought, why stop there, let’s make it foreign policy. Meanwhile, the Soviet Union would begin to build their own nuclear weapons and erect the Iron Curtain, behind which lay the great central and eastern European cities of Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia, enclosing them off for forty-six years, until the already mentioned Soviet demise in 1991.

From the money made from arms, food, and supply sales, and the resulting loans to rebuild, the globalists would create the industrial military complex. Their tentacles would eventually come to control public education systems, food distribution networks, big-pharma corporations, agriculture, chemical industries, Western mainstream media, Hollywood, most Western intelligence organizations, and NATO, which’s sole job is to control global energy systems, pipelines and sea lanes.

After WW II they would also create a huge middle-class, good jobs, and ever new things to purchase, whether one needed it or not. Eventually they would attempt to control the narrative, carry out social engineering projects, and other experimentation at will. They were close to achieving such goals, but by the mid-sixties, millions of rebelling and questioning young people were becoming aware for the need to change the Western world system that their parents and grandparents had passed down to them. And which had ironically given them the privilege to question their upbringing and culture. They began to question the scam beingcreated, the beliefthat profit-driven corporations would protect the larger public interest in a sustainable environment. They began to question the establishment which they called the “man”, and the morality of the Vietnam War. Anti-war and anti-establishment protests, along with ongoing racial wars, erupted around the world. National guardsmen were shooting civilians and ignorant whites were killing proud black people, while free-love bloomed. Cultures began to change with the whiff of chaos and rebellion in the air, which was right up the globalist’s alley, for they knew that conflicts often bring change, and controlled conflicts bring controlled change.

These searching young people represented the leading edge of the post WW II baby boom (born between 1945 and 1964) that were coming of age (18 to 20 years old) in the mid sixties, and who began questioning what was going on in society. The words to Bob Dylan’s “Blowin in the Wind”, which he wrote in 1962, sung by the Mamas and Papas, then by himself on his Freewheelin’ album in 1963, encapsulates what was about to happen perfectly. And which continues to happen. Give it a listen.

By the early 70’s the questioning came to a halt, with the elimination of the anti-war movement (right up to the present day), the assassinations of political and cultural leaders, a debt-fuelled version of consumer capitalism being pumped into our minds and culture, the creation of a welfare state, increased propaganda against the values and morals of family, empathy, ethics, community, and Christianity (with the Roman Catholic version and their priests, further staining such belief). The wars became the ones against either a leader of a country which’s resources were needed and replaced with someone who would do as NATO told them to do, or well advertised wars against poverty and drugs, which brought further poverty and ever more drugs into western communities. After 1991, the communist was replaced with the terrorist.

Ironically, in the protracted war that became their downfall, the Soviet’s opponents in Afghanistan, were trained and armed by the US and UK, and would later become the opponents in the US/UK wars on terror. At the same time, after taking out Libya, the terrorists there would become what ISIS became, armed by the US/UK and inserted into Iraq and Syria. Where the US/UK then proceeded to pretend they bombed the living daylights out of them. While in actual fact the Iraqi and Syrian armies did all the heavy lifting and took the vast majority of casualties. Similar to the defeat of Nazi Germany, where nearly three quarters of the over 5 million German fighters who died in the war, died fighting against the Soviets. 

Today this rebellious group of the baby boomers are all over 70 years of age, and with many of the rest of us boomers who followed them, think we have not changed our attitudes or behaviour since that time. And in many ways we haven’t. Writer Sebastian Gorka, affectionately and sardonically calls boomers, the fruit of the 60’s. We bought into, what James Kunstler describes as “a generation of nothing matters and anything goes” and “if it feels good, do it”. Ironically, today they’ve even got us apologizing for everything we had ever done while growing up, and for what our fathers and grandfathers had ever done.

The movements for peace, civil rights, the women’s movement, environmental concerns, and equal rights were cast aside, and pessimism and cultural irrationalism began to replace them. Nothing was long term anymore, many of the New Deal infrastructure projects like building highways and bridges, upgrading pipes, carrying out projects like the St Lawrence Seaway, building levees and dykes, and even the US Space Program, were either shelved or cancelled. It became all about short-term gains and pleasures, with future goods the sum of such pleasures. Corporations inflated their profits, thinking only of the next quarter, their goals all short term. But in doing so, they seem to have ignored the longer term realities of diminishing consumer purchasing power and sales. The power of money no longer served the real productive wealth of society. It became all about controlling it, and it flowed to the top. Ever since the early seventies, and after getting rid of the gold standard, the Globalist’s Federal Reserve opened the doors on US markets to the world, and though it made wealthy families insanely wealthy, to-date it has cost the US a current trade deficit of over US$12 trillion, a loss of over 70,000 factories and over 6 million jobs and a national debt of $22 trillion. The current US president may be trying to rectify this problem.

Following the first wave of boomers was the larger bulge of the boom, which peaked in 1959, of which I was included the year before. Many of our parents had been too young to have fought in WW II and most of them were already buying into the consumer capitalism model. By the time the rest of us baby boomers had come of age in the late 70’s and early 80’s most of us were already following the neoliberal agenda like sheeple into the 1990s and right up to the present day.

Left behind in the dust of the 1950’s and 60’s was an era where one wage could house, feed, care and raise a family. Upward mobility was based on merit alone, no matter family status or social/political connections. College tuitions were low so most one wage families were able to afford it. Those who could not, worked their way through college with part-time jobs. Student loans were unheard of.

By the end of the 1970’s, voter participation declined, elections became a choice of personalities rather than a choice between alternatives,families began to break apart, and materialism, self-love, apathy, corruption and ego became all the rage. They played us like a flute, through our vanity and vices. They got us believing in self-indulgent market forces which in reality are removing any long term gain for future generations. So distracted we never stopped to think about our children’s or grand-children’s future.

Somehow all believing in unlimited growth upon a finite planet, we cruised through life avoiding the worst threats of nuclear annihilation, bombs being dropped on us, invasion, and economic depression, even as people in other countries suffered the consequences of superpower proxy wars, regime changes, and economic and environmental catastrophes.Many saw it coming, but as a majority said nothing, and we became the largest silent majority ever created in history, along it seems with the largest debt bubble ever created because we had to keep up to the Jones’s. We didn’t save for the future, we were indifferent to it, but our sheer numbers was soon deciding and influencing government policy, which since the early 90’s has been all based on age-based criteria of our own choosing and/or which we allowed to be implemented. Such a vast silent majority of the boomers is made up of mostly mainstream whites (70 per cent), because one cannot include minorities, which were being subjected to ill-treatment, racism and bigotry, or the immigrants from Hong Kong, China, Italy, Ukraine, Japan and East India, who entered the Western world at the time, and raised differently, had a work ethic, and gratefully assimilated into western culture. 

We baby boomer’s (the youngest now 55 years old) biggest problem is that undoubtedly, after more than a half a century the majority of us, especially in Western countries, still hold our “ideals” as truths, but whose ideals. Whenever I see a new sports car with the top down on a sunny day, it’s always driven by a gray beard, not a man of action, rebellious or young. But then maybe that’s the point. We still dream for the white picket fenced, wraparound porch bungalow and a garden out back, with vacations to vineyards in Southern France and trips on cruise ships. Listening to the same music for fifty years, dance the same way, and still restoring, then just parking in a garage, our old, first cars. Snips, boob jobs, Botox, and lifts keep many pretty, but only from afar and not from inside. We creak at the knees, get used to our new hips, and are still hung up about something that happened thirty, forty years ago. We’re still popping pills, drinking like fish, and dressing like we’re twenty-one. And often, still acting like it. Our coping mechanism became cognitive dissonance, where we believe in things to be true when deep down we know they are untrue, and often wrong.

Ergo, many of the children of the boomers (Gen X) became the parents of today’s millennials. Like many of their parents, more often than not they had tossed aside the title of parent and became their child’s buddy instead. Thus, many millennials, born around the dawn of the 21st century, are a generation who have no understanding of cause and effect, effort and reward. Possessing no concept of humility yet expecting indulgence, they only allow happy thoughts and safe spaces of entitlement. This has been taught to them by both their parents and the government controlled neo-liberal dystopia called the public education system, from day-care as a baby to college. Authenticity, community and family all thrown aside in the pursuit of consumerism and fleeting fame, and that anyone can instantly become a pampered star, well friended or liked online, by simply generating controversy, and by being completely unashamed.

Far too many of us boomers have also been afraid to rock the boat in any significant way by keeping it status quo for over forty years now. We all have a routine that simply must not be interrupted, with our neighbours now turning into tattle tales. Corporations have taken over democracy, with every natural resource and citizen a commodity, simply objects of trade and consumption and exploited to collapse. Populations lulled, misinformed and manipulated into surrendering their freedom and participation in government, through excess consumerism, sensationalism, and “manufactured consent”. It’s no wonder Alzheimer’s, the most common cause of dementia by damaging nerve connections in the brain, is also one of the fastest rising diseases. Our electro-chemical computer brain is short-circuiting. Or as someone once said, “We are running 21st century software on hardware last upgraded 50,000 years ago”.

We are also deathly afraid of losing our internet and phone, even though the globalists control most all global internet media, through companies like Google, Amazon, YouTube and Facebook, who is attempting to replace the American National Security Agency (NSA), which is responsible for global monitoring, collection, and processing of information and data for foreign and domestic intelligence and counterintelligence purposes of foreign governments and populations, including their own. And as of late are even attempting to create a “global” currency. Mainstream media in general is nothing but a corporate owned and corporate-advertiser funded mouth piece that is so well versed, has made us believe in the illusion that we have a choice in what is told to us.

As to controlling the narrative in the Western world, other than local stories and events, and parts of the internet, today, all news stories broadcast by mainstream news networks and most all newspapers, comes from only three international news organizations. They include the New York-based Associated Press (AP), founded in 1846. With only 4,000 employees, their stories reach over half the global population. The French, Agence France-Presse (AFP) founded in 1835, today it has over 4,000 employees in 201 locations in 151 countries. And the London-based Reuters (1851), part of a Canadian multinational media conglomerate owned by Thomson Reuters. As of 2019, current chairman David Thomson is listed as the wealthiest person in Canada, with an estimated net worth of $37.7 billion, and in the top thirty of richest people in the world. From these three entities come all our news stories, which are then simply copied and translated, with the same “key” words accented, and often presented with the same bias.

Crucial to the globalist’s control of the narrative was “Operation Mockingbird”. Started up in the early 1950’s, they used the US’s Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to carry out psychological operations in the form of journalism to influence and direct mass opinion, as well as elite perspectives. They began bankrolling more than twenty-five foreign and domestic, press and news media wire services, magazines, publishing and newspapers, influencing media executives and reporters, and even inserting their own agents as reporters. Their reach extended into the New York Times, Washington Post, Disney, CBS, ABC news, Time magazine, Newsweek, and the National Enquirer, among many others. Today one can add CNN and MSNBC and probably even FOX. They also bankrolled radio and TV broadcasting of Voice of America, Radio Free Europe, in Eastern Europe, Radio Liberty, and National Public Radio (NPR). The operation is carried out by cooperating or unwitting reporters, who are given CIA written reports which are then repeated or cited, by the recipient reporters and would then, in turn, be cited throughout the media wire services and spread outwards. The mantra remaining the same, for it is a fact that people are more likely to believe that something is true after hearing it used many times. Nazi Germany, the Soviets, and China had all perfected such a phenomenon, where people will mistake repeated assertions for truth. Such a tactic is still very much in use today. It is what advertising and propaganda are based on.

As David Rockefeller of The Trilateral Commission, admitted in 1991, “We are grateful to The Washington Post, The New York Times, Time Magazine and other great publications whose directors have attended our meetings and respected their promises of discretion for almost forty years. It would have been impossible for us to develop our plan for the world if we had been subject to the bright lights of publicity during those years. But, the work is now much more sophisticated and prepared to march towards a world government. The supranational sovereignty of an intellectual elite and world bankers is surely preferable to the national auto determination practiced in past centuries.”

Also over the past forty years, especially after the fall of the Soviet Union, the globalists have also controlled most all Western countries’ status quo leadership circles, and the bias of the unelected government officials under them, who are called the deep state. And whether it’s a government or a corporate bureaucracy both seem to show that perhaps Laurence J. Peter’s 1968, the “Peter Principle” has peaked. The Peter Principle is the logical idea that competent employees in a hierarchy will be promoted, but at a certain point, will be promoted into positions for which they are incompetent. And that they will remain in those positions because they do not demonstrate any further competence that would move them up to the next level. Peter wrote, “Look around you where you work, and pick out the people who have reached their level of incompetence. You will see that in every hierarchy the cream rises until it sours. According to the Peter Principle, every position in a given hierarchy will eventually be filled by employees who are incompetent to fulfill the job duties of their respective positions. With everyone, going through the motions and keeping their eye on the prize, the pension lottery, even if it takes the best years of their lives to get there.

After the Israeli/Saudi operation 9/11, it only got worse. From Western Europe, through Belgium, France and Germany, the Scandinavian countries, the UK, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia among others, their tentacles have reached far, some deeper than others. But the number is dwindling, with some of their vassals beginning to devour themselves. Especially places like the UK, Canada, Australia, and the US where the political beliefs of family and community of the silent-majority were predominately center-right or center-left with not much difference between them, but which is now being exterminated, as we stand in silence of our own demise.

The US on the other hand, was run by globalists up until three years ago, but since the 2016 election, this dynamic is changing, and has become a war between the conservative center-right, and the globalist supported progressive socialist left, because the status quo neo-liberal Bush-Clinton-Obama crime families, are being dismissed, their cover blown.

It looks like the current US president’s agenda is stalling such globalization by re-setting supply chains, battling central banking and intelligence agencies, and weeding out corrupted unelected officials. The globalists who had been gleefully running things are losing their minds. Some fear and desperation has maybe taken hold with the current worldwide push on deglobalization, which would obviously disrupt their plans and agendas. Deglobalization will affect those nations who rely on exports the most, make the stock market volatile, harm, and in some cases destroy the Globalist’s central banks’ investments.

The globalists are also incensed that the US economy today is in reality fairly strong, but their big banks on Wall Street are anxiously pacing back and forth, because their investments overseas are being exposed. They are also angry that the stock market is head-shakingly thriving. That the current administration is in a war with China trying to get the trade deficit under control, and in a war against the globalist’s private bank, the Federal Reserve, which is trying to do more harm than advertised by making decisions, hoping that by grounding the US economy the current president will not be re-elected. Their ultimate plan is to actually destroy the US’s hegemony, based on “ordo ab chao” (order out of the chaos). For chaos is actually what they want, and today, after forty years of trying, they’re nearly there, just as they were in the sixties and early seventies. Chaos will allow them to implement even more tyrannical control. The last straw will be when the US Constitution gets torn in half. And if they are unable to control the narrative and “dissidence” gets too out of control they’ll simply shut the internet down. Imagine that for a moment. It’d be like billions of heroin junkies, not getting their next fix and having no idea what to do. And of course nothing would work.  

While nations like Russia, Iran, and India, among a growing list of others are not looking to be the next empire, but instead want their own sovereignty, living in a multi-polar world not a unipolar one. They’d like to be left alone from the globalist’s and the neo-con/Zionists’, disruptive foreign policies, neo-liberal ideologies, intelligence and military industries, and their blind zeal for Armageddon. And would rather get on with such things as getting onboard China’s “Belt and Road Initiative”, where sovereign nations can trade freely with each other across Africa, Asia and Europe.

Martin Jacques, a senior fellow at Cambridge University, describes the Belt and Road Initiative (New Silk Roads) as offering “an alternative to the existing international order. The present international order was designed by and still essentially privileges the rich world, which represents only 15% of the world’s population. BRI, on the other hand, is addressing at least two-thirds of the world’s population. This is extraordinarily important for this moment in history.”  He goes on to say that the BRI “has the potential to offer another kind of world, another set of values, another set of imperatives, another way of organizing, another set of institutions, and another set of relationships.”

The Belt and Road is now configured as a vast, unique, Eurasia-wide infrastructure and trade development project extending all the way to Africa and Latin America. Currently more than 130 countries are engaged in linked projects, and partnering with 29 international organizations from the World Bank to the APEC, the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation.

China meanwhile is no doubt one of the only countries truly interested in imperialism, but has taken the long road approach, as is their nature. Today their influence is everywhere, and we chose to ignore it for the past thirty years, because it was cheap.  

And though the US gets ever more antagonistic, Russia and China don’t actually project much power outside their own borders, though within, they are very much in control and very well defended. Russia attempts to project power, but if you notice it’s only over the Russian territories it lost as punishment for losing the Cold War. While China is starting to project more military power, they have already shown what they can do with economic power.  

Today the globalists are also in a fight because once again, people are simply not buying their bullshit any more. It’s “Blowin in the Wind” all over again. Whether an economic system which only benefits those at the top, progressive socialist propaganda and policies, a surveillance state, never ending wars, or a perhaps false fear, of climate change and over-population. Just maybe, before history’s largest silent majority say goodbye, we can put on our big-boy and big-girl pants and pull our heads out of our butts. It’s not all about us individually, it never was, and we should have already learned that. Especially when, it is becoming ever more obvious that those at the top, being typical psychopaths, are allowing their arrogance to eventually be their downfall. They are currently exposing themselves because they don’t care anymore what we think or that we know. If status quo remains, the next generation will be divided, obedient and docile to an extreme, and of course heavily medicated. At which time can be easily culled from the herd when needed.

But the globalists are still very much a force to be reckoned with, their representatives include George Soros and his foundation the Open Society, the Bilderberg Group, the Royal Family, the Roman Catholic Church, the CIA affiliated National Endowment for Democracy (NED), the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and people like Al Gore, Bill Gates, Bono, the Davos crowd that attend the World Economic Forum seminars every year, and mainstream media and Hollywood. This also includes thegala three day meetings a few times a year in some luxury avenue, where the stars of Hollywood and mainstream media (the influencers), hobnob with a gaggle of egotistic billionaires (the controllers), having polite talks about climate change and how to keep the masses entertained and distracted. To get to the grand affair many come in their super yachts, some flying in first class but most in their own or charted private aircraft, while they stay at the best of hotels, and drive cars the best money could buy. Then fly, sail and/or be driven home to their mansions and palaces and get their teeth re-whitened and faces lifted.

The globalists are estimated to still control well over 40 per centof the entire global economy through 147 very tightly knit mega-corporations, which are managed by only four firms, The Vanguard Group, McGraw-Hill, CME Group, and Barclays.Together, they dominate the world of indexing, meaning they hold much power over the world’s money. The Vanguard Group,an American investment management company, is the largest provider of mutual funds in the world, managing over US$3 trillion. They were the biggest shareholder in Monsanto, before it was recently sold for US$63 billion to one of the world’s largest pharmaceutical and genetically-modified-food companies, Bayer AG. Vanguard is also the biggest shareholder in Halliburton, as Dick Cheney is one of the bigger shareholders in Vanguard. They are also the second biggest shareholder in Facebook, the third biggest in Whole Foods, the second biggest in Hain Celestial Foods, and the biggest shareholder in the largest defence corporation in the world, Lockheed Martin.

In a large nut shell, the globalist’s agendas are behind zoning, land and water use control, wealth redistribution, one currency, cap and trade, smart grid of AI and 5G, smart meters, carbon taxes, high gasoline prices, global citizens, global public education system, common core nationalized education standards, bio-fuels, Marxist ideology advancing across the world, food control, gun control, health control, unchecked immigration and open borders so as to strip countries of their identity, and color-coded uprisings and other coups against the few countries left in the world who do not abide by the globalist’s central bank system.

In many ways it can be said the globalists are fascists disguised as Marxist socialists. For though Russian communist Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924), called fascism “capitalism in decay”, the founder of fascism, Italian Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) described it where, “Fascism should more appropriately be called Corporatism because it is a merger of state and corporate power.” In actual fact fascism is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism, and maliciously anti-liberal, anti-communist and anti-conservative. To confuse things even further or perhaps just Orwellian logic, the progressive left’s violent black attired, hooded and masked, social justice terrorists call themselves Antifa (anti-fascists).

While this state of affairs has been playing out over the last few years, the globalists have accelerated pushing the basis for Agenda 21, as well as their 2030 Agenda, by using the fears of climate change and over population, whether they are real or not. This is what they tell us, and many believe. As such we are becoming demoralized and disengaged, with more and more people feeling confused, insecure, divided and feeling helpless in their acceptance of victimhood. We are even passing this on to our children. There are perhaps tens of millions of pre-teens who now believe the world is going to end in ten years. Hello anxiety and panic attacks. How dare we do such a thing to our children? While the silent majority are unwilling to speak out or take risks of any kind for fear of losing their job, knowing there is perhaps no other job to go to, and of losing family, house and home. Or the worst, shun from their tribe.

With a soon to be human population of eight billion, for life to go on for those at the top, a plan had to be implemented to control such expanding growth and most importantly control such numbers. They boldly and insanely, seem to hold the fictional book 1984, written by George Orwell in 1949, as a template of how a totalitarian complex can control and manage the world and every person’s identity.Where, “War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength.”

Since the early 1970’s globalist/totalitarian states have risen slowly and quietly, with most tyrants, but a puppet to the globalists. It begins with a controlled economic decline, which sometimes takes generations. Then through economic systems such as inflation, low wages, and an inadequate job market, make people rely on government. Get them tuning out, turning on, or simply overwhelmed and distracted with their daily existence. Then get the people to trade freedom for the illusion of safety. American statesman, diplomat, author, scientist, and inventor, Ben Franklin (1706-1790), thought that “Those who trade liberty for a little bit of security deserve neither”. Which I totally agree with, since it leads to the end of personal sovereignty.

Gradually the populace will become desperate and lack a greater purpose or mission in life, and eventually come to the realization they have neither productive capacity nor self-empowerment, and lose all sense of independence and look for others instead of themselves to solve their problems. This is when many deem themselves a victim. Next up, control subversiveness, where no one dares to do anything outside of collective norms for fear they would be interpreted as socially negative, and finally and just as importantly, de-weaponize and feminize the populace. A world where one must always be politically correct, all follow the same narrative, and not to upset others or the government.

After years of research of all sides, and looking out my window everyday living on a boat, and not being a scientist or educated, my personal theory on climate change is that the atmosphere is a chemistry experiment, adding and subtracting molecules, as are the oceans and the land, and that a disruption to normal climate cycles has already happened, and there is not anything humanity can do about it, except to not make it worse. This was already known in the 1970’s but like everything else that was rubbed out at that time it was squelched until later when it would be needed as an excuse. Much like the excuse the US used for dropping two atomic bombs, and fire-bombing all of Japan’s major cities, killing nearly one million people in one week, and which they would have kept doing, to save the lives of American troops who would eventually have had to storm empty beaches.

Weather will become extreme, and like we have been doing for thousands of years we will have to adapt, and will have time to adapt. Any impacts we have made on the atmosphere and the environment can be off-set with continued climate action which will allow the planet’s weather to get back to its normal cyclical rhythm. The tipping point may have passed, but won’t really affect us for another few decades, when it may get severe, but eventually would change, as it always has. Remember no matter what we do to the surface of this planet, and whether we are here or not, it will continue to unfeelingly spin for many more billions of years, going through ice ages, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes, which all will cause climate disruption. I figure the most critical issues to a disrupted climate would be either too much water or not enough, and the resilience of ecosystems. I also think that climate disruption is the least of our worries, but of course only if it does not interfere with our need for fresh drinking water and food because regardless of anything else, without such basic needs our species will die. Though many today will feel as though they have died if the internet ever shuts down or they can’t turn their phone on.

The globalists and their central banks that are running their “grand green design”, called the Green New Deal in the US, believe thatgreen “low energy flux density” sources of energy would constrict global population and that is exactly what they want.British scientist and pioneer of the sustainable development movement, and who co-founded the Club of Rome in 1968,Alexander King, wrote in 1990, “In searching for a new enemy to unite us, we came up with the idea that pollution, the threat of global warming, water shortages, famine and the like would fit the bill….All these dangers are caused by human intervention, and it is only through changed attitudes and behavior that they can be overcome. The real enemy then, is humanity itself.”

In order to keep the house of cards standing, it has been postulated that such people-hating globalist’s plans hinge on sacrificing the working poor, the impoverished, seniors on fixed incomes, people with disabilities and the tens of millions of people living between starvation and death. Afterwards, the percentage of people left will continue status quo, then a few years down the road, with ever more dwindling resources, another cull would then be needed. It is why most democratic and liberal cities ignore gang violence, oppose school choice, promote abortion, support socialism, and neglect poor inner city neighborhoods because they know those “folks” are simply victimizing each other, and doing their job for them.

This is why global warming is still a debate, for it will conveniently affect those who will-not or cannot adapt to a changing environment. The first to go will be the poorest and most vulnerable, including their livelihoods, homes, and children. Indeed, some of the most wealthy and powerful on the planet have their sanctuaries already built all around the globe, and ready to move into at a moment’s notice. Sanctuaries, whether desolate, underground or not, surrounded by a well defendable wall. Yet they don’t want walls separating nations. Regardless, they have quietly prepared for when the storm of chaos they created finally hits the fan. They will then make even more money and gain even more power through “disaster capitalism”. They baked the cake so I guess they get to eat it too. Heck, they’ve already licked all the icing off.

Climate change aside, for there has always been, and though we have altered even that, we have time to change our ways and consumption habits ingrained in us by the establishment. And once again, as we have always done throughout human history, we will have to adapt. As to the effects of our consumption, we’ve left a trail of deforestation, compromised fresh water sources, degradation of top soil and ecosystems, “dead zone” ocean acidification, disrupted climate conditions, and pollution of our rivers, lakes, seas, the air we breathe, and our minds. We have also degraded our moral values, and any critical or rational thinking. This is all on us, so we must start talking to each other.

We’ve spent the last fifty years believing in an economic system that was corrupt and rigged from the start, and which only benefited the already rich. It’s all too much. Because we also have to live our daily lives, simply trying to make ends meet, care for our family and friends, interact with perhaps the one hundred people we see regularly in our lives and who make up our tribe. Have a job and a purpose to get up in the morning, to love and be loved, and have the courage to keep putting one step in front of the other.

But don’t worry the globalists have a plan. But we must remember such a plan doesn’t have to be this way. Only we can derail it. But sadly and wishing I didn’t have to say it, after saying nothing for over forty-five years already we probably won’t this time either. And though there is still hope, the numbers who are addicted to Aldous Huxley’s “soma” dictate something all together different. All the while we take another bite from the apple, the other hand anxiously clutching a smart phone.

It’s like we’ve become packs of dogs where after a talking head stands up, points somewhere and yells “squirrel” at the top of their lungs, we all go off running, barking our heads off.  But we are supposedly smarter than dogs, so we’ll go off running whenever MSM comes up with any number of words to replace the word squirrel, whether Russia!, Racist!, Collusion!, or Ukraine! Then like a pack of dogs chasing a car and catching up to it, we don’t know what to do about it.

As of late, the countries that are still adhering to Agenda 21 and 30 are all ever more rapidly pumping out disinformation to get their plans in place, even using children as their “spokespersons”. Countries are now declaring “national climate emergencies”, which is odd because climate change is global not national. The fear of rising sea levels is used for creating plans to sterilize waterfront from development, building levees and dykes, and buying out, then destroying homes in vulnerable areas. Then control access and use of the shoreline. In reality, sea levels will become a major problem in about fifty to eighty years, but then, even a rise of only half a foot will impact many places and people around the world. They will continue to rise if the melting of snowpack and glaciers on land continues, not from the melting of sea ice at the poles. Don’t believe me? Take a glass of water with an ice cube in it and fill to just before it would overflow, then just wait for the ice cube to melt. Once again we have the time to adapt to rising sea levels, if we so choose.

Oddly, and currently, globalist environmental groups such as the WWF are running campaigns to disrupt the flow of natural gas to countries like South Africa, India, the Philippines, South Korea, Japan and China, so these same countries are instead building a combined 1,800 new coal-fired plants, which emit twice as much carbon dioxide as natural gas plants. As it is, urbanization and deforestation effects climate disruption as much or more than fossil-fuel emissions. Consider the push for bio-fuels, which means more rainforests are deforested, and then huge palm oil plantations are planted in their stead to supply the needed ingredients for bio-fuel. Leaders in municipalities in many countries are even pushing to sue fossil-fuel companies for causing climate change, yet 70 per cent of their emissions come from their own populations.

One must also consider the early 20th century proponents of the use of eugenics to control the population, because in the globalist’s mind’s eye things like CO2 emissions or consumption of resources is not the problem, people are.

In the 1920s, various theories of eugenics were so popular among intellectuals in the US that 75 per cent of colleges offered courses on eugenics. When researching the medical experiments, including sterilization programs, which went on around this time on unsuspecting people in Latin America, the Philippines, and the US itself, I had to swallow the bile that rose in my throat.

In 1916, Margaret Sanger (1879-1966) opened the first birth control clinic in the US (Brooklyn); in 1942 it would become Planned Parenthood. Sanger believed that birth control and sterilization should be voluntary, and not based on race, and that all women should have the right to choose when to be pregnant. Out of the other side of her mouth she agreed with much of what the proponents of eugenics believed, to “assist the race toward the elimination of the unfit”, and advocated “the voluntary hospitalization or sterilization of people with untreatable, disabling, hereditary conditions, and limits on the immigration of the diseased”.

Until 1973, Planned Parenthood provided services such as birth control, clinical breast examinations, cervical cancer screening, pregnancy testing and pregnancy options counseling, testing and treatment for sexually transmitted infections, sex education and vasectomies. But after the landmark abortion rights case Roe v Wade that year, they also began acting as an abortion provider. Since 1973, in the US there have been more than 56 million abortions performed (17 million black), half were performed by Planned Parenthood. This number does not include abortions carried out in California (about 13 per cent of the US population) or New Hampshire, since they have both failed to report the numbers since 1998.

In their 2014 Annual Report, Planned Parenthood, with over 600 clinics in the US (80 per cent of which are in poor and predominately black communities), reported seeing over 2.5 million patients in over 4 million clinical visits, and performing a total of nearly 9.5 million discrete services for them, including 324,000 abortions, with 900 black babies aborted every day. Planned Parenthood is also global, with more than 149 member associations working in more than 189 countries. Its combined annual revenue is US$1.3 billion, including approximately $530 million in government funding.

Four years after Planned Parenthood’s inception, Eugenics Society president and UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) founder Julian Huxley, agreed with many others, including Margaret Sanger, that much of the population were “undesirables and weeds”. He wrote in 1946, “Political unification in some sort of world government will be required… Even though… any radical eugenic policy will be for many years politically and psychologically impossible, it will be important for UNESCO to see that the eugenic problem is examined with the greatest care, and that the public mind is informed of the issues at stake so that much that now is unthinkable may at least become thinkable.” But Hitler had given eugenics and propaganda, a bad name over the previous years so they had to be re-branded. And they were. They were now called “sustainability” and “public relations”.

In 1968, and in order to keep the ball rolling, the Club of Rome was formed by two misanthropes named Aurelio Peccei and the previously mentioned Sir Alexander King. Its members would include current and former heads of state, the Royal Family, UN bureaucrats, high-level politicians and government officials, diplomats, scientists, economists, and business leaders from around the globe. They promise they share a common concern for the future of humanity and strive to make a difference. And all agree that society’s best form of governance is a scientific dictatorship.

Bertrand Russell (1872 -1970), a British philosopher, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist, and Nobel laureate also argued for a “scientific society”, where he thought war would be abolished, population growth would be limited, and prosperity would be shared. He felt the establishment of a “single supreme world government” would be able to enforce peace.  

In Quebec in 1971, the Club of Rome got Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau to allocate tax payer money to begin a two year project to write a book called The Limits to Growth, which became the blueprint of this new anti-humanist form of the eugenics movement by fooling us in believing they are simply consciously reforming the system, and which would eventually birth today’s Green New Deal agenda. Interestingly, while the progressive neo-socialists are demanding Medicare for all, free college, and universal basic income, it is actually encouraged and orchestrated by the hundreds of billions of dollars the globalists have made from the banking, healthcare, national defense and higher education cartels.

Along with Trudeau, a group of the already mentioned Oxford trained Rhodes Scholars on the Council on Foreign Relations, and privy councillors centered on Alexander King, Maurice Strong, Maurice Lamontagne (founder of Environment Canada), Michael Pitfield (Privy Council Clerk and founder of Canada’s CSIS) and Governor General Roland Michener, among others, also all agreed to the study.

In 1972, The Limits to Growth (LTG) was published by the Volkswagen Foundation, (nothing to do with the car company), a large German private non-profit organization for the promotional of research and education in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities. Seventeen researchers ran three simulations of exponential economic and population growth with a finite supply of resources, to gain insights into the limits of our world system and the constraints it puts on human numbers and activity. All three scenarios were based on five variables: world population, industrialisation, pollution, food production and resources depletion. They did not include any data, projections or theories about climate change. The three scenarios given were, keeping the status quo, with “no changes to historical growth trends, the limits to growth on earth would become evident by 2072, leading to sudden and uncontrollable decline in both population and industrial capacity”. The second was if growth trends existing in 1972 could be altered so that sustainable ecological and economic stability could be achieved. The third was that they could be changed. They admit “that their projections for the values of the variables in each scenario were predictions “only in the most limited sense of the word,” and were only indications of the system’s behavioral tendencies.”  Two of the scenarios saw “overshoot and collapse” of the global system by the mid to latter part of the 21st century, while a third scenario resulted in a “stabilized world”.

Critics argued that the report claimed to accept that the then-known resources of minerals and energy could, and would, grow in the future, and consumption growth rates could also decline. Others agreed that growth could not continue indefinitely, but that a natural end to growth was preferable to intervention. They also wrote that technology could solve all the problems the report brings up, but only if growth continued apace. They warned that by “stopping growth too soon, the world would be “consigning billions to permanent poverty”.

On the other side of the coin in 2010, a report by the Danes, Nørgård, Peet and Ragnarsdóttir, called the book a “pioneering report”, and said that it “has withstood the test of time and, indeed, has only become more relevant.”  And “With few exceptions, economics as a discipline has been dominated by a perception of living in an unlimited world, where resource and pollution problems in one area were solved by moving resources or people to other parts. The very hint of any global limitation as suggested in the report The Limits to Growth was met with disbelief and rejection by businesses and most economists. However, this conclusion (by businesses and economists) was mostly based on false premises”.

 A year after The Limits to Growth was published; the Trilateral Commission was founded by David Rockefeller. It is a non-governmental, non-partisan discussion group of nearly 400 mostly private industrialists and bankers to “foster closer cooperation among North America, Western Europe, and Japan”. Other founding members included Alan Greenspan and Paul Volcker, both later heads of the globalist’s Federal Reserve System, and Zbigniew Brzezinski, US National Security Advisor to President Jimmy Carter from 1977 to 1981, and a Rockefeller advisor. At one of their first meetings, in 1976 in Kyoto, Japan, they discussed a process for the “controlled disintegrations of society”.

In 2012, Noam Chomsky described the Trilateral Commission as essentially, “liberal internationalists from Europe, Japan and the United States, and the liberal wing of the intellectual elite”, and that the Commission, “was concerned with trying to induce what they called ‘more moderation in democracy’ – turn people back to passivity and obedience so they don’t put so many constraints on state power and so on. In particular they were worried about young people. They were concerned about the institutions responsible for the indoctrination of the young (that’s their phrase), meaning schools, universities, church and so on – they’re not doing their job, [the young are] not being sufficiently indoctrinated. They’re too free to pursue their own initiatives and concerns and you’ve got to control them better.”

And so they have, in many Western nations, including Canada, the UK, Australia, New Zealand, Sweden, Poland, Germany, France, and especially in the US, the globalists control the kindergarten to university system, the psychological establishment, their Medical Associations, mainstream news, and the entertainment establishments, the law system, silicon valley, other corporations, and a very deep state of unelected government officials. Though this does not include the military per se, the military’s general officer corps has been corrupted for decades.

Such control is needed to create a true social state. Further control is carried out by controlling healthcare, because once this is done you control the people, then increase the poverty level, because poor people are easier to control and will not fight back if you are providing everything for them to live, and more often than not will only harm themselves. Increase the debt to an unsustainable level which allows one to raise taxes, which produces more poverty. Remove people’s ability to defend themselves from the government and the bad guys. Enact gun laws that only affect those who get a license, get an extensive back ground check, and take a course and practise, so that the only ones left with guns will be the bad guys and the police. Because the bad guys don’t buy guns in gun stores; they don’t even bother with a licence, they buy them out of the trunk of a car. And who predominately reside in communities where people are not allowed to protect themselves.

The end game is to take control of every aspect of our lives (food, housing and income) through welfare programs and surveillance systems, asset forfeiture, eminent domain and over criminalization. Cancel presumption of innocence and due process. Take control of what people read, watch and listen to. Remove the belief in Christianity and family values from the government and schools. And finally divide the people into as many ways possible, whether race, sex, nationality, religion, culture, gender, left, right, center, sports team affiliation, what side of the street you live on, tatted or not, wealthy, poor, liberal, or conservative. This will cause more despondency, anger, jealously, violence, victimhood, and bigotry so that one day “the vast majority of people will have no idea what’s going on and they won’t care”. By then we probably won’t even be talking to each other anymore anyways.

“Circus dogs jump when the trainer cracks his whip, but the really well-trained dog is the one that turns his somersault when there is no whip” George Orwell

Part Two

The Innards and Machinations of Agenda 21

…….Coming soon.

08/1/19

Mesopotamia – Sunshine Supermen

Chapter III – Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia has been home to some of the oldest major civilizations, including the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Assyrians, and Persians. Grouped together they are known as the Chaldean. It began with the rise of the first cities in southern Mesopotamia around 7,300 years ago and ended with the Persian conquest around 2,500 years ago. The achievements of these early astronomers, especially the Persians, and later Islamic, which I will include in this chapter, though not being significant until the seventh century A.D., were extremely significant to astronomy.

Tablet Of Shamash / historyly.com

By about 2,500 years ago, the Sumerian civilization was firmly established in Mesopotamia, during the archaeological period of Uruk. These early Sumerians saw the night sky as a blackboard on which the gods left cryptic messages. Their priests began to seriously and systematically observe the stars and planet’s movements, with a form of writing, known as cuneiform, also emerging around this time. The Sumerians would only practise a basic form of astronomy, but they had an important influence on the sophisticated astronomy of the later Babylonians, when astral theologies would give planetary gods an important role in mythology and religion.

Celestial phenomena, known as portents, have become linked to earthly events for millennia. Centuries of Babylonian observations of celestial phenomena are recorded in the series of cuneiform tablets known as the Enu‑ma Anu Enlil, a collection of nearly seven thousand portents dating back to about 3,500 years ago. The oldest significant astronomical text is carved into Tablet 63, the Venus tablet of Ammi‑saduqa, which lists the first and last visible risings of Venus over a period of about 21 years and show the first evidence of recognition that astronomical phenomena are periodic, and of the application of mathematics to these predictions.  All the portents were considered affairs of the state, since the priests believed that the gods used the sky to communicate great matters.

As such, the study of astronomy in most all ancient cultures became associated with omens, and within these Babylonian tablets the many omens were divided into four categories. Each named for the four gods (planets) under whose area they fell.

The Sin (the Moon) covered eclipses, conjunctions with fixed stars, and first crescents, which’s symbol represents the lunar first quarter, or the “sickle moon”, with its shape also representing the Moon itself, and, of Islam.

The Shamash (the Sun), were the observations of two suns solar haloes, and perihelia (the point in the orbit of a planet or comet at which it is nearest to the Sun).

Ishtar (Venus) listed the stations, risings, and first and last visibilities (what planets we can see with the naked eye). The time a planet becomes visible in the dawn sky (rising shortly before the Sun), to the time it disappears into the dark sky is called an apparition.

Adad (the Weather god), recorded a variety of meteorological phenomena, such as thunder, lightning, earth tremors and cloud formations. These tablets also contain catalogues of stars and constellations as well as schemes for predicting heliacal risings and the settings of the planets, which occurs annually when they briefly become visible above the eastern horizon at dawn just before sunrise, after a period of less than a year when it had not been visible.

The Ammi‑saduqa also tell the lengths of daylight measured by a water clock, a gnomon, and shadows, as well as the application of mathematics to the variation in the length of daylight over a solar year. Also listed was a complete list of the helical risings and settings of the planet Venus. Star charts taken from this time are inscribed in clay tablets and show three concentric circles, each one divided up by 12 radii, with each of these 36 equally sized divisions containing the names of the constellations. It seems even the Sumerians knew the precession (a change in the orientation of the rotational axis of a rotating body), of the equinoxes (constellations), which is incredible.

To know about the precession of the equinoxes, where each constellation takes a turn at rising behind the rising Sun, (the observable phenomena of the rotation of the heavens), one would have to observe and take measurements, for thousands of years. Consider, the precession of the equinoxes spans a period of approximately, 25,920 years, over which time the constellations appear to slowly rotate around the Earth, (the observable phenomena of the rotation of the heavens), so how long could the Sumerians, and those before them, had studied and observed such events, one needs to ask. If indeed this was the case these ancient astronomers had already figured out one of the theories that Einstein would mathematically prove six thousand years later. That space does indeed perform the central function of time.

The precession of the equinoxes is where every 25,900 years the Earth’s axis of rotation changes. This slow change in the angle of the axis makes it appear that the positions of stars change over time, for example, the North Star today is Polaris, five thousand years ago it was Thuban, two thousand years from now it will be Alrai. The angle change causes the constellations of the zodiac to change relative to the spring equinox (April 21). In this precession the constellations appear to move backwards as time moves forwards, moving to the next constellation every 2,150 years.

Presently the Sun on April 21 rises in the constellation of Pisces. A few hundred years from now it will rise in the constellation of Aquarius, which is to say that every 25,900 years, each constellation will have had its turn rising in the east on April 21

Soon astrology, the idea that the position of the stars and planets could influence the fate of individual humans, by the differences in energy from the universe, began with the organization of the original 18 groups of stars into 12 constellations, where each became associated with a specific deity, for instance Orion was a shepherd with his sheep and his shepherds staff. The origins of much of astrological doctrine and method are found among the ancient Babylonians and their system of celestial omens that began to be compiled around this time. This system of celestial omens later spread either directly or indirectly from the Sumerians then, through the Babylonians and Assyrians to other areas such as India, Middle East, and Greece where it merged with pre‑existing indigenous forms of astrology. Babylonian astrology came to Greece around 2,400 years ago, and then around 2,100 years ago, after the Alexandrian conquests, this Babylonian astrology was mixed with the Egyptian tradition of deity astrology to create a diagram of the heavens showing the positions of the planets. This new form of astrology appears to have originated in Alexandrian Egypt, and then quickly spread back across the ancient world into Europe, the Middle East and India, where it still very much exists today.

As to astronomy, because a chapter further along discusses astrology, by 2,800 years ago, observations had become so organized that most all planetary movements were understood and observed. There are dozens of cuneiform Mesopotamia texts with real observations of eclipses, mainly from the Babylonian Era, that show they had the ability to predict eclipses of the sun and moon. Which gave no doubt that Babylonia was using highly-developed geometry as the basis for astronomical measurements. For example they arranged stars in “strings” that lie along declination circles and thus were able to measure ascensions (risings) or time intervals. They also used the star’s zenith, the highest point it reaches.

As to astronomy, because a chapter further along discusses astrology, by 2,800 years ago, observations had become so organized that most all planetary movements were understood and observed. There are dozens of cuneiform Mesopotamia texts with real observations of eclipses, mainly from the Babylonian Era, that show they had the ability to predict eclipses of the sun and moon. Which gave no doubt that Babylonia was using highly-developed geometry as the basis for astronomical measurements. For example they arranged stars in “strings” that lie along declination circles and thus were able to measure ascensions (risings) or time intervals. They also used the star’s zenith, the highest point it reaches.

In mathematics they came up with the idea of dividing up circles into 360 degrees, splitting up an hour into 60 minutes, and the same with a minute to 60 seconds, by using a sexagesimal system (based on the number 60 and relating to or reckoning by sixtieths). This simplified the task of recording very large and very small numbers. Under the realm of the Babylonian king, Nabonassar, around 2,700 years ago, there was a surge in quality and frequency in recorded observations, including the discovery of a repeating 18‑year cycle of lunar eclipses for example, which they called a saros.

One of many clay tablets unearthed from the Assyrian king Assurbanipal’s era (about 2,600 yrs ago), contained the vast number: 195,955,200,000,000. It is called the Nineveh number and is 60 times 70 to the power of seven. Working it out in seconds, it is a bit more than six million years. The time it takes for the earth to complete its precessional cycle (the regular motion of a spinning object) is just less than 26,000 years. Dividing this number into the Nineveh number, works out to be exactly 240 precessional cycles. Calculating the cycles of the planets and their satellites in seconds, each divides into the Nineveh number exactly. This is amazing mathematics at any time, let alone more than two and a half thousand years ago.

By 2,700 years ago Babylonian astronomy began to conform to present reckonings. A new calendar was then introduced that had 354 days, regulated into 12 months, alternating between 29 and 30 days. The New Year started with the appearance of the first new moon following the spring equinox. But this arrangement lagged behind the solar calendar by about 11 days so it was always falling out of time with the seasons. They solved the problem by noting that 235 lunar months made up exactly 19 solar years, so they decreed that seven extra lunar months would be inter-calculated every 19 lunar years to close the gap. This became known as the Nabunasir Calender.

Around this time the Babylonian astronomers also began to develop a new empirical approach to astronomy. They began studying philosophy dealing with the ideal nature of the universe and began employing an internal logic within their predictive planetary systems. This was an important contribution to astronomy and the philosophy of science, and some scholars have referred to this new approach as the first scientific revolution. And was closely related to the fact most of these early astronomers were actually priest-scribes specializing in astrology and other forms of divination. This new approach to astronomy was adopted and further developed in Hellenistic (Greek) astronomy.

Around 300 years later, in the fourth century BC, the Greek, Eudoxus of Cnidus wrote a book on the fixed stars, with his descriptions of many constellations, especially the twelve signs of the zodiac, are suspiciously very similar to Babylonian originals. One hundred years later the Greek, Aristarchus of Samos, used an eclipse cycle of Babylonian origin called the Saros cycle to determine the year’s length. It is clear that by this time, many other Greek astronomers had a complete list of eclipse observations covering many centuries, and mostly all compiled from the earlier mentioned Sumerian’s clay tablets, the Enu-ma Anu Enlil, and from the relevant observations that the Babylonians had routinely made and recorded also.             

Around the same time, back in Babylonia, the astronomer/priest Kidinnu worked out the duration of the solar year to within 4min 33sec, which western astronomers did not achieve until less than 150 years ago. The Babylonians observed Halley’s Comet in 164 BC, and again in 87 BC, and determined that it passes the Earth every seventy-seven years.

During the rise of Islam, to assist in their observations, the Chaldean made use of an early rudimentary instrument called an astrolabe, invented by the Greeks in either the first or second centuries BC, and is often attributed to Hipparchus. (190-120 BC). It was effectively, an analog calculator, capable of working out several different kinds of problems in spherical astronomy. They also began to use an armillary sphere. The name of this device comes ultimately from the Latin armilla (circle or bracelet); since it has a skeleton made of graduated metal circles linking the poles, and represented the equator, the ecliptic, meridians and parallels. Usually a ball represented the Earth as the centre, such a sphere is known as a Ptolemaic, while the later spheres with the Sun at the centre were known as the Copernican. The armillary sphere was used to demonstrate the motion of the stars around the Earth.

While in its simplest form, consisting of a ring fixed in the plane of the equator, the armillary sphere was one of the most ancient of astronomical instruments. Slightly developed, it was crossed by another ring fixed in the plane of the meridian, with the first being an equinoctial, and the second, a solstitial armilla. Shadows were used as indications of the Sun’s positions, in combinations with angular divisions. When several rings or circles were combined representing the great circles of the heavens, the instrument became an armillary sphere.

Brass astrolabes on the other hand, were developed in the later Mesopotamia ages of the medieval Islamic world, chiefly as an aid to navigation but also as a way of finding the qibla, the direction of Mecca. Muslim astronomers produced an improved version of the Greek armillary sphere in the 8th century AD. Abbas Ibn Firnas (d.887) is thought to have produced another instrument with rings in 9th century, which he gifted to Caliph Muhammad I (ruled 852‑886).

The spherical astrolabe, a variation of both the astrolabe and the armillary sphere, was invented during the Middle Ages by astronomers and inventors in the Islamic world. The earliest description of the spherical astrolabe dates back to Al Nayrizi (892‑902 AD). Muslim astronomers also independently invented the celestial globe, which were used primarily for solving problems in celestial astronomy. Today, 126 such instruments remain worldwide, the oldest from the 11th century. The altitude of the Sun, and the right ascension and declination of stars could be calculated with these instruments by inputting the location of the observer on the meridian ring of the globe.

Astrolabe – Pinterest

In the Islamic world, astrolabes were used to find the times of sunrise and the rising of fixed stars, and were also used to help schedule morning prayers (salat). In the 10th century, al Sufi first described more than 1,000 different uses of an astrolabe, in areas as diverse as astronomy, astrology, horoscopes, navigation, surveying, timekeeping, and prayer.

After 700AD, Islam also advised Muslims to find ways of using the stars and on the basis of this advice, Muslims began to develop better observational and navigational instruments, thus most navigational stars today have Arabic names.

Influences of the Qur’an on Islamic astronomy included its “insistence that the universe is ruled by a single set of laws,” which was rooted in the Islamic concept, “the unity of God” (tawhid). There was also more respect for empirical data than was common in the preceding Greek civilization. Muslims were inspired to place a greater emphasis on empirical observation, instead of the ancient Greek philosophers such as the Plato and Aristotle, who expressed a general distrust toward the senses and instead viewed reason alone as being sufficient to understanding nature. The Qur’an’s insistence on observation, reason and contemplation, (see, think, and contemplate), led Muslims to develop an early scientific method based on these principles. For the Qur’an said; “And it is he who ordained the stars for you that you may be guided thereby in the darkness of the land and the sea.” There are also several cosmological verses in the Qur’an which some modern writers have interpreted as foreshadowing the expansion of the universe and possibly even the Big Bang theory. These include the verses, “Don’t those who reject faith see that the heavens and the earth were a single entity then we ripped them apart?” (Qur’an21:30), and “And the heavens we did create with Our Hands, and we do cause it to expand.”(Qur’an 51:47)

Though several texts attributed to Muhammad, show that he was generally opposed to astrology as well as superstition in general. An example of this is when an eclipse occurred during his son Ibrahim ibn Muhammad’s death, and rumours began spreading about this being a personal show of sympathy from God himself. Muhammad is said to have replied: “An eclipse is a phenomenon of nature. It is foolish to attribute such things to the death or birth of a human being.”

In observational astronomy, the first major original, Muslim work of astronomy was the “Zij-al Sindh” by al Khwarizimi in 830 AD. The work contains tables for the movements of the Sun, the moon and the other five planets known at the time. He used Hindu-Arabic numerals in his calculations, while Muhammad ibn Ja‑bir al Harra-ni al Batta-ni (Albatenius) (853‑929), discovered that the direction of the Sun’s eccentric was changing, which in modern astronomy is equivalent to the Earth moving in an elliptical orbit around the Sun. His times for the new moon, lengths for the solar year and sidereal year, prediction of eclipses, and work on the phenomenon of parallax, carried astronomers closer and closer to understanding the laws of relativity and which would not happen for another 500 years.

In the 9th century, Ja’far Muhammad ibn Mu sa ‑ ibn Sha‑kir, would make significant contributions to astrophysics and celestial mechanics, he was the first to hypothesize that the heavenly bodies and celestial spheres are subject to the same laws of physics as Earth, unlike the ancients who believed that the celestial spheres followed their own set of physical laws different from that of Earth. In his “Astral Motion and The Force of Attraction,” he would also propose that there is a force of attraction between heavenly bodies, which foreshadows Newton’s law of universal gravitation. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Kathi-r al-Fargha-ni, in 850, gave values for the obliquity of the ecliptic and the processional movements of the sun, when it is at its farthest distance from the earth.

In the 10th century A.D., Abd al Rahman al Sufi (Azophi) carried out observations on the stars and described their positions, magnitudes, brightness, and colour, through drawings of each constellation in his book, the “Book of Fixed Stars,” where he also mentions the “nebula.” He also gave the first descriptions and pictures of what he called, “a little cloud,” which is now known as the Andromeda Galaxy, and along with the Large Magellanic Cloud, are the first galaxies other than the Milky Way to be observed from Earth. He mentions it as lying before the mouth of the Big Fish, an Arabic constellation.

The astronomer, Ibn Yunis, used an astrolabe with a diameter of nearly 1.4 metres, and spent years observing and then recording more than 10,000 entries for the Sun’s position. Around 1000 the Persian astronomer Abu-Rayha-n al-Bi-ru-ni, described the Milky Way as a collection of many nebulous stars, and in 1019 observes and gives a detailed description of the solar eclipse on April 8 and the lunar eclipse on September 17, and then gives the exact latitudes of the stars during the lunar eclipse. He also calculates the distance between the Earth and the Sun in his work, the “Mas’udicus.” Then in 1006, Ali ibn Ridwan, as well as Chinese astronomers, observed SN 1006, the brightest supernova in recorded history, and left a detailed description of the temporary star.

The 11th century would become a landmark time for the Islamic astronomers, who diligently kept studying the celestial realm and furthered knowledge in most all of the sciences. In the beginning of the century, Omar Khayyám would compile many tables, and perform a reformation of the calendar that was more accurate than the Julian calendar, and came close to the Gregorian. An amazing feat was his calculation of the year to be 365.24219858156 days long, which is accurate to the 6th decimal place. Later that year the Arabian astronomer Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen) discovered and recorded that the celestial spheres do not consist of solid matter, and that the heavens are less dense than air, in his “Book of Optics.” He also refutes Aristotle’s theory on the Milky Way by making the first attempt at observing and measuring the Milky Way’s parallax. It’s angular displacement due to it being observed from the surface, instead of the centre of the Earth, and the difference of it being observed from the Earth instead of the Sun. He determined that because the Milky Way had no parallax, it had to be very far from the Earth and did not belong to the Earth’s atmosphere. Then in 1054, Arabian, and once again, Chinese astronomers, observe the star SN 1054, which becomes responsible for the creation of the Crab Nebula, the only nebula whose creation has ever been observed.

The hits kept coming, when in 1350, Ibn al-Shatir, anticipated Copernicus by more than a hundred years, and by abandoning the theory of Ptolemy, that all axis are the same length, he provided new calculations of planetary motion, which provided the first provable model of lunar motions which accurately match observations. Around the same time, Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyya of Syria, proposes that the Milky Way galaxy to be a great number of tiny stars packed together in the sphere of the fixed stars, and that these stars are larger than the planets.

In the 15th century, Ali Kus-cu provided empirical evidence for the Earth’s rotation on its axis, and rejects the stationary Earth theories of Aristotle and Ptolemy.

In the 16th century, Taqi al-Din measured the right ascension of the stars at his observatory in Istanbul, using an “observational clock” in which he invented, and described as a mechanical clock with three dials which show the hours, minutes and seconds. And to think, all this combined knowledge that had been achieved up until this time, had been reached through dedicated observing of the universe, with the naked eye, and the use of mathematics.            

Up until the 17th century the Chaldean civilizations had a profound effect on astronomy and cosmology. They had the advantage of being some of the first humans ever, to study the skies and record what they were seeing, as well as having the advantage that their astronomers, scientists, and mathematicians had the freedom and security to advance along in their quest for seeking knowledge. Much unlike the West, where after the Greeks, Christianity would, more often than not, prosecute or murder an individual who was interested in science. Though there were many who would continue on from the Greeks in Europe, in most cases, they had to achieve this in secrecy and were supported privately.

06/30/19

Sunshine Supermen – Megaliths and Mounds

Adams Calendar, South Africa Realhistoryww
Adams Calendar, South Africa

Chapter II – Megaliths and Mounds

Megaliths are structures made of large stones by ancient cultures, without the use of any mortar or cement. As to not knowing what exactly their roles were, we can only surmise that they fulfilled both astronomical and religious functions, due to the astronomical significance of their alignments. In general, megaliths do not include structures built by developed and well expressed cultures like the Romans or Maya, and their pyramids, but rather the more ancient cultures.

Pyramids themselves were first used in ancient Mesopotamia as mud-brick structures known as ziggurats. Egypt would go on and build over 70 pyramids, with recent archaeological finds there and elsewhere, supporting the theory that most pyramid’s were centers of stargazing, worship, work, commerce, and social life rather than lone tombs erected on empty plains.

Pyramids continued to be used by the Greeks and Romans, and are found throughout the world, most notably in Central and South America, India and China.

Megaliths and mounds meanwhile are also found around the world. Especially in large areas of the Middle East, from the Turkish border, through Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Undoubtedly because of its large population at the time with agriculture blooming, the largest concentration of megaliths can be found in southern Syria and along the Jordan Rift Valley. Many of them are found to align with the summer solstice sunrise, and may have been used as a place to gaze at and track the stars, with their rock formations working like a kind of ancient calendar.

The oldest megalithic structure in the world, which we know of, is Adam’s Calendar, South Africa, (shown above) with some studies suggesting it could have been made around 75,000 years ago. It’s one of an estimated 100,000 such structures in the hills around Mpumalanga (Zulu name for “the place where the sun rises”) a province in eastern South Africa, bordering the nations of Swaziland and Mozambique.

But the majority of megaliths seem to have been erected during the Neolithic period, the final stage of cultural evolution and technological development among prehistoric humans, and the final division of the Stone Age. The Neolithic began about 12,000 years ago (10,000 BC) with the development of farming, and ended around 3000 BC. Overtaken then by the Bronze Age, which denoted the first period in which metal was used.

One of the oldest megalithic places of worship in the world, erected around 11,000 years ago, is Gobekli Tepe, in Turkey. Four stone circles have been excavated from an estimated 20, with some 3 meters high and up to 30 m across. The stones have a variety of carved reliefs and pictograms depicting boars, foxes, lions, birds, snakes and scorpions. Predating Stonehenge by 6,000 years, the people of the time hadn’t yet developed pottery or metal tools but managed to build this place with massive carved stones.

Gobekli Tepe, Turkey / Anadolu Agency

While at Nabta Playa, in Egypt, which will be discussed later on, stone circles, groups of megalithic structures, and alignments of upright stones, dating from about 4,500 BC, was a vast star chart.

Other notable Middle Eastern megaliths, include, Rujm-el-Hiri (3000 BC) at Quneitra in Syria, which is currently in the Israeli-occupied portion of the Golan Heights. An enormous megalithic monument consisting of several concentric stone rings made up of more than 42,000 basalt rocks, it resembles a giant target from above and boasts intricate stone arrangements within its circle. The stones range from 2.5 m in height to 4.5 m tall in the center.

Foundation Stones of Baalbek, Lebanon/ Hidden Inca Tours April/2019

The Trilithon of Baalbek, Lebanon, in the ruins of the former city of Heliopolis has some of the largest cut stones ever known to have been created by human civilization. At the base of the ruins of the Jupiter Baal temple are three stones, called the Trilithon, and each weighs more than seven hundred and fifty tons. Researchers remain divided as to who created these monsters.

Foundation stone – Temple of Jupiter

Many European stone sentinels, megaliths and stone groupings, also conformed to celestial alignments, which required skilled observation, measurement, and prediction. In some locations, such as Stonehenge, on the Salisbury Plain, in Wiltshire England, the massive standing stones, around 4m high and 2m wide, and weighing around 25 tons, had some astronomical purpose, and of course, used for ceremonies and rituals. As in most all other cases, these observatories were employed to determine the seasons, an important factor in knowing when to plant crops, as well as in understanding the length of the year. Stonehenge was built around 3000 BC and constructed to calculate the moment of sunrise and moonrise, over an 18.6 year cycle. By standing at the centre of the circle, one can face either the sunrise or the moonrise, and foretell the season according to its position behind the “markers”.

In the English Midlands, limestone monuments called The Rollright Stones; date back to as early as 4000 BC. The Stones consist of three major formations, constructed at different times throughout the Neolithic and Bronze Age: the Whispering Nights dolmen, the King’s Men stone circle, and the King Stone.

The Standing Stones of Callanish on the isle of Lewis, in Scotland’s Outer Hebrides, form a megalithic complex also based on astronomy. Built in about 3000 BC, lines can be identified to the moon, Sun, and stars, and seems to have been a huge lunar calendar.

Newgrange, in the County of Meath, Ireland, is a tomb hill, 76 m wide and 12 m high. It was built between 5500 and 3200 BC. Renowned due to its astronomic positioning: at the dawn of winter solstice day the Sun shines through its 18 m long main passage. Also in Ireland sits the Drombeg megaliths, formed into a circle that aligns with the sunset on the winter solstice. Human remains suggest the monument was used from as early as 1100 BC.

In Brittany, France, at Carnac, more than 3,000 stones have stood in careful rows since as early as 4500 BC. It is the largest collection of prehistoric hand cut stones in the world. Carnac’s megaliths cover the countryside, along with dolmens (tombs), burial mounds, and individual memorials. Some arrangements align with the stars, while local legend says the stones were once soldiers, frozen in place for all eternity. Other theories point to the sky. Also in France, The Grand Menhir of Locmariaquer, is one of the largest freestanding stones to have been erected anywhere in Europe and is a part of a wider site of significance in the area. It is estimated to have been erected over six thousand five hundred years ago. Though having fallen over perhaps a thousand years ago and now lying in four pieces, it is estimated to have weighed as much as three hundred and fifty tons and stood nearly twenty meters tall.

On the island of Menorca in the Mediterranean Sea, off of Spain, are the Talati de Dalt megalithic monuments, called taulas (Catalan for “tables”), and dated between 1000 and 3000 BC. They are visually very similar to Stonehenge, but are a mystery to what religious or astronomical significance they had. Another theory suggested they were centers of healing for the Talaiotic people who built them. Also in the Mediterranean, and submerged by around 7200 BC, a 12 m long monolith, probably weighing around 15,000 kg was found 40 m under water in the Strait of Sicily, south-west of Sicily, but whose function is unknown. Nearby, the megalithic structures on the nearby island of Malta are believed to be one the oldest in Europe, in particular the Skorba Temples, which were built around 4850 BC, while the Ggantija (giant), is a temple on the island of Gozo, a part of Malta, and dates back to 3600 BC. It is made up of huge limestone blocks with an innermost section, passageways, altars, carvings and libation holes.

Elsewhere, the eastern North American Native peoples, the Hopewell (200 BC-500 AD), and the Adena (1000 BC-200 BC), built huge earth mounds, many in the shape of an octagon as well as pyramid mounds which were square, rectangular and circular.

The pre-Columbian city Cahokia, beside the Mississippi river, near St. Louis, built earthen pyramids that still stand today. The largest one covers sixteen acres at its base and rises 30 metres, making it one of the biggest buildings of any period, and the largest in the United States before the 20th century. Many are burial tombs, though just as many are also thought to encode various sunrise and moon-rise patterns, including the winter and summer solstices, equinoxes, and minimum and maximum lunar risings and settings on the local horizon.

The “Big Horn Medicine Wheel” in Wyoming, USA, is a stone setting resembling an enormous spiked wheel. Historically on native Crow land, oral history from several indigenous nations sets the Big Horn Medicine Wheel as already existing before them, having been built by “people without iron”. It has been dated archaeologically to 3200 BC.

Big Horn Medicine Wheel, Wyoming/ by Airphoto NA

The Wheel is one of four or five astronomically complex wheels that are publicly known to exist in the Rocky Mountain region. It is of a type termed “Subgroup 6”, for its prominent central stone cairn surrounded by a stone ring, while two or more interior stone lines connect the stone ring to the cairn in the center. Smaller, less complex wheels may also have astronomical significance, such as solstice alignments and east-west orientations. The larger complex wheels are capable of tracking several different cosmic cycles, including the precession of the equinoxes, the Moon’s phases, lunar and solar eclipse cycles, and planets’ orbital cycles. These astronomical wheels mirror the north ecliptic polar region of the sky, and are useful as celestial grids to track changes over the millennia.

While in central and South America, megaliths run into the hundreds. The Calçoene megalithic observatory (the Amazon Stonehenge), erected sometime in the 1st to 10th centuries AD, in Amapá, Brazil, is a circle marked with 127 blocks of granite, and stones up to 3 m high. Other South American megaliths include The Chilla Pyramids, and the Banos Del Inca, in Ecuador, and the Huaca del Sol, in Peru.

While, 3,512 kilometers east off the coast of Chile lays the island of Rapa Nui, a remote volcanic island in Polynesia. The nearest inhabited land to it is Pitcairn Island, 2,075 km away. Rapa Nui has nearly 1,000 massive upright stone statues called moai. Created during the 13th and 16th centuries, the moai are carved human figures with oversize heads, often resting on massive stone pedestals called ahus. The largest standing moai was estimated to weigh at least 86 tons.

Other notable megaliths include Padang Hill in West Jawa, Indonesia. It is the largest concentration of megalithic stones in Southeast Asia, consisting of thousands of stone blocks. And the Diquis Spheres in Puntarenas, Costa Rica, a very unusual megalith in that it is made up of perfectly round stone spheres, some up to 16 tons in weight. While ancient, the exact timing of its building and culture, are unknown.

And finally Inuksuk Point, on Baffin Island, in Nunavut, Canada. Inuksuk Point is a group of over 100 vertical stone settings, which serve as navigation and reference points. The word inuksuk (also called inukshuk), could be translated as “somebody/something who acts on behalf of a human”. An Inuksuk in the shape of a person signifies safety, hope and friendship, which today has been transformed into a symbol of hope and friendship that transcends borders to reach people all over the world.

Inunnguaq at Rankin Inlet, Nunavit, Canada / photo by Ansgar Walk


Chapter One – Sunshine Supermen

05/25/19

Sunshine Supermen

By Joseph Peters

Started in 2010 ended in 2019

Contents

  1. Prologue
  2. Megaliths & Mounds
  3. Mesopotamia
  4. Egyptians
  5. Chinese
  6. India
  7. Greeks
  8. Maya
  9. Inca
  10. Aztec
  11. Nicolaus Copernicus
  12. Johnnes Kepler
  13. Galileo Galilei
  14. Isaac Newton
  15. Albert Einstein
  16. Astrology
  17. Modern Astronomy
  18. Spacemen
  19. Sun / Summary

Chapter I – Prologue

Today, astronomy is known as the study of objects and matter outside the Earth’s atmosphere and of their physical and chemical properties. It is one of the oldest sciences, if not the first. From the beginning of time, all living things have been affected by what goes on in the sky, and since humans have been on the planet, the sky, especially the night sky, has been the most awesome and most mysterious aspect of our lives, as well as the most overwhelming. The earliest human, would perhaps stand up on a rock, in the quiet of a clear night and stare up at the panorama of the sky and probably feel so very small, swimming amongst the stars. Dwarfed by the seemingly, endless and uncountable twinkles of light, whilst standing agape with eyes open wide and bottom lip hanging open, drooling upon oneself. Or we’d sit around our campfire and tell stories about the night skies and attempt to decipher them. Shooting stars would be talked about for days, while we may have danced with the Aureole-Aurora Borealis.

Besides the vastness of the sky, there were always the Sun and the Moon as well. With both, so much larger and brighter than anything else that dwelled up in space. The Moon could be stared at for hours, while the Sun could not, though it was able to touch all living things with its heat. The Sun represented life, the Moon, no doubt reflection. It never gets boring for some reason when we stare up into the sky. We sense there is much going on, but to us it seems ever so slowly, while in reality it’s all happening very quickly.

From very early on, humans have sensed, felt, and seen the effects that the Sun and Moon seem to have on all aspects of life and nature, from the oceans to flora and fauna. We’ve probably always been extremely dedicated observers of the sky. But the majority of humankind’s concerns are what is going on in their individual life here on the Earth, and not so much what was happening on a daily basis in the heavens. Indeed the enormity of the sky, to most, had to have been very scary on some levels. The eclipses of the Sun and Moon themselves must have been both awe-inspiring to an early human’s spirit, and yet at the same time very traumatic. A lunar eclipse turns the Moon red as it passes in the Earth’s shadow, a partial lunar eclipse creates the image that part of the Moon is covered by the Sun, and the most fearful to humans was no doubt during a total solar eclipse, when the Moon completely blocks out the Sun.

There would come to be individuals who spent enough time staring up at the stars, watching the Sun and Moon on a regular basis, to notice that there was a lot of movement going on up there, with much of the movements happening regularly, like the time between full moons and the day and night. From very early on, watching the sky would become the responsibility of certain dedicated and patient individuals, sunshine supermen, if you will, with their observations becoming our measurement and concept, of time, and continuing wonder.

Time is forever moving forward, but we can only measure it in relation to other things that have a regular pattern, like the rising sun or swing of a pendulum. The earliest measurement of time would be the day. Which was easily calculated by everyone, the Sun rose and moved across the sky then disappeared, to be replaced by the Moon which would also move across the sky and eventually disappear. The earliest astronomers had no idea that, in reality the Earth was moving and not the Sun. Our next measurement of time was the month. The time it takes for one full Moon to become another full Moon, about 29 days.

The Babylonians would be the first to break up a day into twenty-four hours, with sixty minutes per hour. All numbers which are easily divisible by two, three, and four. The first clocks were simple sundials, using shadow, then came hourglasses of sand, with the first pendulum clock not appearing until the 17th century.

Besides measuring time, humans would eventually relate the sky’s actions into the need to understand their place and purpose in the universe as well. This need for a universal meaning to our lives does not need to be religious, for anyone should be able to sense and see that a cosmic perspective does give meaning to our lives. That somehow we are connected, and not separated like many would come to believe.

To study the sky, is to seek knowledge, for astronomy is not just a science about the physicality of the planet Earths place in the universe. It is also to seek an understanding of its beginnings, it’s future, and it’s time. It also has a human perspective, the study for truth, and from very early on astronomy would become intertwined with religion, from which would evolve cosmology, which can be considered as the study of the universe as a whole.

Historically, optical astronomy, also called visible light astronomy, is the oldest form of astronomy. What was observed in the sky was at first memorized and then eventually drawn by hand, by the individuals who patiently and diligently each night stood atop a monument and stared up into the night sky, recording in pictures or script of their methodical observations, for generation after generation. Astronomical artefacts have been found from much earlier periods than even our first civilizations. Early cultures, as far back as the Ethiopians, 17,000 years ago, identified celestial objects with gods and spirits. They related these objects, and their movements, to phenomena such as rain, drought, seasons, and tides. It is generally believed that the first astronomers were priests and shamans, and that their understanding of the heavens was seen as divine, hence astronomy’s ancient connection to what is now called astrology. At first these early astronomer-priests were involved with not only a primitive form of speculative meteorology, but also the attempt to read divine will. This was expressed everywhere and from all things, such as how the smoke rises from a fire, cloud-formations, the entrails of an animal, or the flight patterns of birds. These priests were also the first to develop the process by which this divine will, could be appeased, and that was through sacrifice. These early astronomer-priests were fed and sustained by the people, so that they could study the sky continuously, and would become the privileged few in the earliest civilizations. Besides creating ceremonies, feasts, timekeeping and rituals, they also were in charge of expulsion of all demons, diseases, and sins and thus, they took care of their community’s spiritual well being.

Before tools such as telescopes were invented in the 17th century, early study of the stars had to be conducted from the only vantage points available, namely tall buildings and high ground using the bare eye and then later, the armillary sphere, would become the prime instrument of all astronomers in determining celestial positions. Several of the planets have been known since prehistoric times, with the ancients aware of seven of them, the Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn, mostly because these bodies are very bright, and they wander among the fixed stars, through the constellations. These were known to the Greeks as plane‑te‑s or “wanderers.”

In ancient times the sky was probably more respected than it is today, being so all consuming. Today many people go days without ever looking up. But long ago, the sky would have been the mother of all distractions. The Supreme Being would have been the Sun, for it represented the cycles of life, the staples of resurrection: life during the day, death when it disappeared and a rebirth the next morning.

The constellation Orion would have been next in importance. There were many names and interpretations of the stars of this constellation, including the Hunter, named by the Greeks. Though Orion was also known as “thief thrown to the buzzards,” in South America. The Pawnee of North America called the constellation, “the Deer,” and the Egyptians named it Osiris. Orion is found on the celestial equator and is the largest, most conspicuous and recognizable constellation worldwide.

The sky is overpoweringly magnificent, but as mentioned earlier, it brought out fear as well, and still does. This fear would be used by the early astronomer priests to their advantage, for only they were believed to be able to know what the gods expected from the people. Night after night they’d watch the night sky, trying to interpret what the gods were saying by their movements in the stars and planets, and at the same time allowing what they would find, to control nearly every aspect of the people’s lives, and to keep themselves fed, by sowing and harvesting at the right times. Unfortunately, their work, and themselves, were also often easily influenced by whoever was in power.

Old or even ancient astronomy is not to be confused with astrology, the belief system which claims that human affairs are correlated with the positions of celestial objects. Although the two fields share a common origin and a part of their methods, by using tables showing positions of the heavens, they are distinct. In early times, astronomy only comprised the observation and predictions of the motions of objects visible to the naked eye.

As civilizations developed, most notably in Mesopotamia, Greece, Egypt, Persia, Central America, India, China, and the Islamic world, astronomical observatories were assembled, and ideas on the nature of the universe began to be explored. Most of early astronomy actually consisted of mapping the positions of the stars and planets, a science now referred to as, astrometry. From these observations, early ideas about the motions of the planets were formed, and the nature of the Sun, Moon, and the Earth in the universe were explored philosophically. The Earth was believed to be the center of the universe with the Sun, the Moon and the stars rotating around it. This is known as the geocentric model of the universe. In contrast to ancient Greek philosophers who believed that the universe had an infinite past with no beginning, while medieval philosophers and theologians developed the concept of the universe having a finite past with a beginning. This view was inspired by the creation myth shared by the three Abraham based religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.

While Islam produced some incredible astronomers, the bibles of Judaism and Christianity, contain only a few statements as to the position of the Earth, the universe and the nature of planets and stars. With Venus and Saturn being the only planets expressly mentioned in the Old Testament. The closest interpretations of biblical “stars” are, Kimah, related to the Pleiades; the Kesil, related to Orion; Ayish, to Hyades; Mezarim – the Bears (Great and Little); MazzarothVens (Lucifer and Hesperus); Hadre, the “Chamber of the South”, and Canopus, the Southern Cross and Centauri.

Over five thousand years ago, many individuals, in many different parts of the world, had gained much firsthand experience and knowledge about Mother Nature, and the duality she provided of destruction and growth. They were achieving a better understanding of the natural world by studying the stars and sky. Cultures around the globe, nearly all at the same time, became fixated on being able to forecast and keep time, to mark seasonal changes for the growing and harvesting of crops. And the desire grew to foretell, and to forestall, if possible, future events by sacrifice and ritual.

Much of ancient astronomy was all about timekeeping, and soon most all of the early sky watchers would develop calendars, with the first ones marking the seasons and rituals. All calendars of the world have usually been set by the Sun and Moon – measuring the day, month and year – and were very important to agriculture in which the harvest depended on planting at the correct time of year. The most common modern calendar is based on the Roman calendar, which divided the year into twelve months of alternating thirty and thirty‑one days apiece. In 46 BC the Roman emperor Julius Caesar instigated calendar reform and adopted a calendar based upon the 365 1/4 day year length, originally proposed by the 4th century BC, Greek astronomer Callippus. But as you shall see, there have been many calendars and much pondering about the celestial realm.

This essay hopes to record and share with you the incredible achievements attained by the amazingly disciplined sunshine supermen and gazers of the stars, up to the 17th century and the invention of the telescope, while before that time so much had already been achieved by simply using the human eyeball and mathematics. And afterwards, right up to the present day when the technologies of optics and photography would begin to share the stargazing.

I hope I am not diminishing the explorations of space that have been reached, or the nearly divine work that modern astronomers have achieved, and so have also included chapters on Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Newton, and Einstein, because, though they were not all astronomers, through their combined genius, they would develop and put forth definitions and theories, to exactly what the sunshine supermen of past and present were and are, looking at. And to what they were looking for. So lie back upon a cool patch of grass and stare up at the night sky, or simply strap in and enjoy the ride.

Will be releasing chapters weekly. Peace Out for now.


02/18/19

The Village of One Hundred

If we were to reduce the seven and a half billion people currently residing on the planet, down to only one hundred people and all living in the only village in the world, who would they be? Or rather what would the village initially look like before any changes, which would undoubtedly occur, and if they would survive. Would they get along? Where would the village be? These are questions that could be discussed at extreme length and have been, throughout human history, and when discussing, one could easily fall down into numerous bottomless rabbit-holes. Since we are talking about human nature here, and not just any other far less complicated, but just as intelligent animal on the planet. Roles would obviously change, especially since all the focus would have to be on hunting, gathering and growing, and not spending. As to authority it’d either be one of two eggs, egalitarian or ego. There would also be just as many males and females with alpha, sigma or beta traits. All of which is far too interesting, with most conclusions based on the roll of the dice, for all the permutations, outcomes, and scenarios there would be. For being human is a very complicated affair.

The following statistics were first published in 1992 by the Retired Peace Corps Volunteers of Madison, Wisconsin, in a curriculum entitled “Unheard Voices: Celebrating Cultures from the Developing World”. Shortly thereafter the statistics appeared as an email that continues to be circulated and viewed by millions of people around the world. This updated version includes the detailed research, statistics and source information of the “100 People:  A World Portrait, A Global Education Toolbox” project at 100people.org/statistics, first posted in 2016. And also includes a further updated version made in January 2019 by Matt Rosenberg, at thoughtco.com/if-the-world-were-a-village.

Someone rings a bell, summoning the other ninety-nine villagers to assemble in the town square. Fifty would be male and fifty would be female, all hetrosexual, except for three who would be either gay or lesbian.

Twenty-seven would be under 14 years of age, sixty-six between the ages of 15 and 64, and only seven grey-hairs over 65.

Seventy would be non-white, thirty white. The vast majority (61) of the village would be Asian, of these; twenty are Chinese, and seventeen are East Indians. There would also be fourteen Africans, eleven Europeans, nine Latinos or South Americans, five North Americans, while none of the villagers would be from Australia, Oceania, or Antarctica.

It would no doubt be a true polyglot village, with seventeen people speaking Mandarin or Cantonese, nine speaking English, eight Hindi, six Russian, six Spanish, four Arabic, with the other fifty people somehow speaking over 5,000 other languages.

Thirty-three villagers would be Christians, twenty-two would be Muslims, thirteen Hindus, six Buddhists, two atheists, twelve not religious, or don’t identify themselves as being aligned with a particular faith, and the remaining twelve would be members of other religions. Judaism would not exist.

As to the villager’s individual characters, and though personality is not categorical, it is dimensional, for when people mature and grow, their personality also matures and grows, there would still be basically four personality types, with  the most common being average. The average individual would experience such feelings as anxiety, worry, fear, anger, frustration, envy, jealousy, guilt, depressed mood, and loneliness, with ten of the females and six of the males in the village suffering from depression. On the other side of the coin the average person in the village would also be outgoing and social, with most enjoying being with people, participating in social gatherings, wanting to be happy, and are full of energy.

Not so average would be the reserved and silent types, who are generally not open or neurotic, but are emotionally stable. They tend to be introverted, agreeable and conscientious. Then there would be the few role-models and natural leaders who possess high levels of agreeableness, outgoingness, openness and conscientiousness. They listen to new ideas and are reliable. There will also be some villagers, who are self-centered, and though they are often very outgoing and social, they suffer from low levels of openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness. And finally, one of the hundred would be a sociopath and/or a psychopath.

Physically, fourteen would be obese, and a part of the thirty villagers who would always have enough to eat. Over half the village would be malnourished, fifteen would be undernourished, with one dying of starvation. Twenty-five people would have tuberculosis, one would have HIV, twelve would be disabled, and twenty would smoke cigarettes.More than twenty-five people would regularly consume alcohol, but only seven of them would be alcoholics. Similarly, about six people would take some sort of drug at least once a year, with only one among them, an addict (using daily). And of the one hundred, around fifteen of them would recreationally smoke cannabis sativa, for its religious and spiritual moods and properties, and for medication.

By the end of a year, one villager would die and two new villagers would be born, so the population would climb to 101. There would be a one in three chance the person dying would die from a cardiovascular disease, a heart attack, stroke, cancers, or diabetes. Overall, over their lifetimes, thirty-one of the hundred would eventually die of a cardiovascular disease.

Of the thirty-seven children under 14 years old, six girls and five boys would have suffered child sexual abuse. Of the sixty to seventy adults, fifteen would have been either physically or emotionally abused as children. While one in five women and one in thirteen men in the village was sexually abused as a child.

Eighty of the villagers would have access to clean, safe drinking water, twenty would not. Sixty-eight would breathe clean air, while thirty-two would breathe polluted air. And while fifty-seven would have improved sanitation, only thirty-four of them would actually have access to a toilet. Forty-three people would live without basic sanitation.

Fifty-four people would live within the village proper, while forty-six would be rural dwellers. Seventy-eight people out of the one hundred would have a place to shelter them from the wind and the rain, twenty-two would not, with the vast majority (80%) of villagers living in substandard housing.

Overall, eighty-six would be able to read and write, while fourteen would not. 78% of the eligible males and 76% of eligible females would have a primary school education, with 66% of them (combined) at least finishing high school. Seven out of the one hundred villagers would have a college degree. In 1992 only one villager had a degree.

As to people’s freedoms, forty-eight wouldn’t be allowed to speak out loud, and act according to their faith and conscience, due to harassment, imprisonment, torture or death, while fifty-two of the villagers could. And while twenty would live in fear of death by bombardment, armed attack, landmines, or of rape or kidnapping by armed groups, eighty would not.

Sixty-six people would not have access to safe and affordable surgery, with thirty-three people unable to pay for any medicine they might need.

Of the one hundred, thirty would be unemployed or underemployed. Of the seventy who would work, twenty-eight would work in agriculture, fourteen in industry, and the remaining twenty-eight would work in the service sector. Fifty-three villagers would live on less than two U.S. dollars a day. While only sixteen villagers would be able to spend more than $20 per day. One person in the village, an American, would be able to spend over $100 per day, as well as control 50% of all the wealth. Overall, 85% of the village’s wealth would be owned by only six people, four of them the only Americans in the village, with seventy people owning only 3% of the wealth.

Though, eighty-two people would have electricity, eighteen would not. There would be 18 cars in the village, with most people walking, biking, or using horse and buggy.

The village would have a mobile-cellular network, with eighty people having a cell-phone, and forty-seven people active internet users. But only have each other to talk and communicate with. In 1992 only one person in the village had a computer.

To end, “If you keep your food in a refrigerator, your clothes in a closet, and you have a bed to sleep in, and a roof over your head, you are richer than 77% of the entire world population.” Comparatively, if you have money in the bank, some in your wallet, pocket or purse, and spare change in a dish somewhere, you are among the top 10% of the worlds wealthy.

In a village of only one hundred people would such things really matter? History has proven that unfortunately, they would. But one could hope that everyone would get along. Instead of everyone retreating into fragmented groups, and simply dying off.

 

 

 

 

References:

 

https://www.thoughtco.com/if-the-world-were-a-village-1435271 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A3nllBT9ACg

https://www.euronews.com/2018/09/21/personality-types-average-self-centered-role-model-or-reserved-t137902

https://www.internationalcap.org › Abuse & Neglect Info

 

 

02/18/19

Earthquake Precautions

Because you never know; especially in areas where there is frequent earthquake activity.

A very interesting read, which goes against everything you’ve probably been told about how to survive an earthquake. And in fact was quite controversial when it came out in 2004. Here in Canada, fifteen years later, the federal government hasn’t adopted any of it, but then, the feds won’t even allow AEDs, which are literally everywhere today, in any of their office buildings, citing legal issues. An AED is an automated external defibrillator, a portable electronic device that automatically diagnoses the life-threatening signs of a heart attack and able to treat them through defibrillation. They have and are, saving thousands of lives, unlike the advice given that in an earthquake, crawl under the desk, kitchen table or doorway, or simply duck.

Spread the word to everyone you care about and maybe save a life one day.


From Doug Copp’s article on the “triangle of life”, edited by Larry Linn for MAA Safety Committee brief on April 13th 2004.

“My name is Doug Copp. I am the Rescue Chief and Disaster Manager of the American Rescue Team International (ARTI), the world’s most experienced rescue team. The information in this article will save lives in an earthquake. I have crawled inside 875 collapsed buildings, worked with rescue teams from 60 countries, founded rescue teams in several countries, and I am a member of many rescue teams from many countries. I was the United Nations expert in Disaster Mitigation for two years. I have worked at every major disaster in the world since 1985; except for simultaneous disasters. In 1996 we made a film which proved my survival methodology to be correct. The Turkish Federal Government, City of Istanbul, University of Istanbul Case Productions and ARTI cooperated to film this practical, scientific test. We collapsed a school and a home with 20 mannequins inside. Ten mannequins did ‘duck and cover,’ and ten mannequins I used in my ‘triangle of life’ survival method. After the simulated earthquake collapse we crawled through the rubble and entered the building to film and document the results. The film, in which I practiced my survival techniques under directly observable, scientific conditions, relevant to building collapse, showed there would have been zero percent survival for those doing duck and cover. There would likely have been 100 percent survivability for people using my method of the ‘triangle of life.’ This film has been seen by millions of viewers on television in Turkey and the rest of Europe, and it was seen in the USA, Canada and Latin America on the TV program Real TV. The first building I ever crawled inside of was a school in Mexico City during the 1985 earthquake. Every child was under their desk. Every child was crushed to the thickness of their bones. They could have survived by lying down next to their desks in the aisles. It was obscene, unnecessary and I wondered why the children were not in the aisles. I didn’t at the time know that the children were told to hide under something. Simply stated, when buildings collapse, the weight of the ceilings falling upon the objects or furniture inside crushes these objects, leaving a space or void next to them. This space is what I call the ‘triangle of life’.

The larger and stronger the object, the less it will compact, and the less the object compacts, the larger the void, the greater the probability that the person who is using this void for safety will not be injured. The next time you watch collapsed buildings, on television, count the ‘triangles’ you see formed. They are everywhere. It is the most common shape, you will see, in a collapsed building. They are everywhere.”

Copp’s Ten Tips for Earthquake Safety

1 – Most everyone who simply ‘ducks and covers’ when buildings collapse are crushed to death. People who get under objects, like desks or cars, are crushed.

2 – Cats, dogs and babies often naturally curl up in the fetal position. You should too in an earthquake. It is a natural safety/survival instinct. You can survive in a smaller void. Get next to an object, next to a sofa, next to a large bulky object that will compress slightly but leave a void next to it.

3 – Wooden buildings are the safest type of construction to be in during an earthquake. Wood is flexible and moves with the force of the earthquake. If the wooden building does collapse, large survival voids are created. Also, the wooden building has less concentrated, crushing weight. Brick buildings will break into individual bricks. Bricks will cause many injuries but less squashed bodies than concrete slabs.

4 – If you are in bed during the night and an earthquake occurs, simply roll off the bed. A safe void will exist around the bed. Hotels can achieve a much greater survival rate in earthquakes, simply by posting a sign on the back of the door of every room telling occupants to lie down on the floor, next to the bottom of the bed during an earthquake.

5 – If an earthquake happens and you cannot easily escape by getting out the door or window, then lie down and curl up in the fetal position next to a sofa, or large chair.

6 – Most everyone who gets under a doorway when buildings collapse is killed. How? If you stand under a doorway and the doorjamb falls forward or backward you will be crushed by the ceiling above. If the door jamb falls sideways you will be cut in half by the doorway. In either case, you will be killed.

7 – Never go to the stairs. The stairs have a different “moment of frequency” (they swing separately from the main part of the building). The stairs and remainder of the building continuously bump into each other until structural failure of the stairs takes place. The people who get on stairs before they fail are chopped up by the stair treads – horribly mutilated. Even if the building doesn’t collapse, stay away from the stairs. The stairs are a likely part of the building to be damaged. Even if the stairs are not collapsed by the earthquake, they may collapse later when overloaded by fleeing people. They should always be checked for safety, even when the rest of the building is not damaged.

8 – Get near the outer walls of buildings or outside of them if possible – It is much better to be near the outside of the building rather than the interior. The farther inside you are from the outside perimeter of the building the greater the probability that your escape route will be blocked

9 – People inside of their vehicles are crushed when the road above falls in an earthquake and crushes their vehicles; which is exactly what happened with the slabs between the decks of the Nimitz Freeway. The victims of the San Francisco earthquake all stayed inside of their vehicles. They were all killed. They could have easily survived by getting out and sitting or lying next to their vehicles. All the crushed cars had voids one meter (3 feet) high next to them, except for the cars that had columns fall directly across them.

10 – I discovered, while crawling inside of collapsed newspaper offices and other offices with a lot of paper that paper does not compact. Large voids are found surrounding stacks of paper. Spread the word.

08/16/18

The Life and Times of James Bond

Image result for images of james bond logo

One of the most iconic, cool, competent, cocky but confident, fashionable, and well mannered, truly psychopathic and ultimate protagonist characters has to be James Bond. Created by Ian Lancaster Fleming (1908-1964), English author, journalist, and naval intelligence officer, Bond appeared for the first time in the novel Casino Royale, published in 1953. Until his passing in 1964, Fleming would write another twelve novels and two short story collections about the spy James Bond, with his wartime service and his career as a journalist providing much of the background, detail, and depth of the James Bond novels.

The Bond character was further developed by the over two decades now perseverance of the Broccoli family of American film producer Albert R Broccoli, and dozens of writers and screen writers. The first Bond film Dr. No was released in 1962, when I was four years old and I’ve been hooked ever since. I have read all of Fleming’s books and some of the books that have been written since his passing, by new authors that are carrying on the Bond folklore. President John F. Kennedy was also a James Bond fan, and watched a preview screening of From Russia with Love at the White House on November 21st, 1963. He was killed the next day in Dallas.

The following is based on the combined facts of Bond, in literature and filmdom, with a “wee bit of artistic wherewithal”, said of course in a Scottish accent, with beer foam dripping from my moustache. Chronologically, I try to follow Ian Fleming’s books as they were written, but also for continuity, use some of the release dates of Bond films including those not associated with Fleming/Broccoli, and to a very small extent, the books written by various authors of the “young” Bond. I’m sure loyal James Bond aficionados, may take issue with the continuity of this story, but the recent Daniel Craig as Bond series of films throws a wrench into things by rebooting to the beginnings and Bond’s first missions. While Fleming’s introduction of Bond was Casino Royale, in film Bond was introduced in Dr No, Fleming’s sixth Bond novel. As far as M goes, M was Rear Admiral Bernard Lee for the first eleven missions. After his death, Robert Brown took over for four, and then M Judi Dench was brought on for Bond’s next four missions, and then was transported back in time for Bond’s last four films, which chronicle his first few years with MI6. There are also too many Alex Leiter’s, Moneypennys and Blofelds.

Then there is the dilemma that there has been numerous individuals who have played Bond, but then this issue can be dealt with sensibly, by suggesting that since Bond would be recognized fairly quickly, as he was well known to the underworld and most all intelligence and secret service organizations, so to further the secrecy and stealth needed to carry on such heroic and often insane actions as he does, and have to infiltrate their organizations, every so often Bond gets a face replacement. In this scenario Bond has had seven face transplants and still looks good. Rumour has it that in a few years from now, Bond will be undergoing not only another face transplant but a skin transplant as well, for a mission, which as of yet remains undisclosed. The story to follow is not sensible so there are no face alterations, rationally on the other hand, Bond probably looked like Daniel Craig at the start of his MI6 career but as he aged he started looking more like Sean Connery.

All of these things make it difficult and confusing to get some sort of continuity in Bond’s career timeline, but I have simply done the best I could and tried to stay with what makes sense, and lean towards Fleming’s novels as to storyline and details. And mean him no disrespect whatsoever of his original brilliance.

 

Beginnings

 

James Bond was born in Germany to a Scottish father, Andrew Bond of Glencoe, Scotland, and Swiss mother, Monique Delacroix, and spent much of his first ten years abroad, as his father was a Vickers armaments company representative. The Bond’s traditional family motto is Orbit Non Sufficit, the world is not enough.

Bond became multilingual in German and French at an early age. Sadly his parents were both killed in a mountain climbing accident that orphaned him at age 11. After their deaths, a friend of Andrew Bond, Hans Oberhauser, became Bond’s temporary guardian. Oberhauser had a son, Franz, and though older than Bond, he began to resent the way his father was treating Bond as if he were his only son, and felt he was being ignored. But soon Bond was placed with his full-time guardian, his aunt, Miss Charmian Bond, in the village of Pett Bottom, Kent, England, where he completed his early education. Supposedly on a holiday to Paris when he was sixteen years old, he loses his virginity. Throughout his childhood, he and Miss Charmian would spend time each year at Skyfall, the Bond family estate in the Scottish Highlands.

Bond briefly attended Eton College, but was expelled over an alleged incident with a maid, and eventually graduated from Fettes Collage in Scotland, the same college his father had attended.

At about the same time, on the continent, Franz Oberhauser had already killed his father over the animosity felt towards Bond when they were younger, had staged his own death and adopted the name Ernst Stavro Blofeld. Over the years he would control the underworld, with his tentacles reaching into state intelligence organizations, trade unions and criminal cartels. Eventually he would create Spectre (Special Executive for Counter-intelligence, Terrorism Revenge and Extortion) , Smersh, and Quantum, and come up with all sorts of schemes to take over the world, and most importantly, to never give up on one day killing Bond.

After graduating from college, Bond enlisted in the British Navy as a commando, and participated in an unknown number of clandestine foreign military engagements, eventually becoming a Royal Naval Reserve Commander. In his early twenties (some have suggested when he was twenty years old), the 183 cm (6 ft) tall and supposedly still, 76 kg (170 lb) Bond, already an expert boxer, pistol shooter, scuba diver and knife thrower, applied and was accepted to join the British intelligence division of MI6 as an agent. His qualities of strength, action, confidence, and brutal violence if needed, were attractive to them. Much like his raw masculinity, being dangerous, confident, suggestive, calm, polite and smart was attractive to both women and men whom he would meet.

His first control officer in MI6 was Cmdr. Ian Fleming of Naval Intelligence, who would go on and become MI6’s chronicler and historian, and followed Bond’s career in particular, as they quickly bonded, as it were, and stayed lifelong friends. Fleming was supposedly very impressed when Bond showed up for work his first day in MI6, in an immaculate 1964 Aston Martin DB5. Bond still owns the Aston but it now spends its time in a storage locker. Over his career he has driven a plethora of vehicles, including the Aston Martin DB Mark III, a Lincoln Mark VII, various 1930’s Bentleys, a BMW 750iL, Yamaha XJ650 turbo motorcycle, dunebuggys, a double-decker bus, a Russian T-55M5 tank, hovercraft, numerous boats, and has flown gyroplanes, Cessna’s, and a Harrier T4 jet, to list but a few.

The head of the British Secret Intelligence Service at the time (M) was Royal Navy Rear Admiral Judi Dench, who had held the position for the previous ten plus years. As with all other heads of MI6, before her and since, they tend to be serious, efficient, no-nonsense authoritarians. M’s Chief of Staff and overseer of the 00 division was and still is, Bill Tanner, while MI6’s quartermaster (Q), Major Desmond Liewelyn, ran the research and Development Division. The Principal Secretary of the “Double O” division of MI6, and M’s personal secretary was Ms. Loelia Ponsonby. She would soon be replaced with MI6 agent, Mary Goodnight, who would occasionally, continue to assist Bond on assignments. Interestingly, noted neurologist Sir James Moloney, was frequently employed by M and MI6, but then as you will soon find out, one can see why.

Eventually Bond became one of perhaps nine agents to earn the designation double O, meaning they had a license to kill, or the “the authorisation to, at their own discretion, commit acts of assassination and other controversial activities in order to complete their missions, without having to first seek permission from headquarters”. The true number of how many agents are designated double 00 may never be known, but rumour has it there are three double 00 agents left, while some say Bond is the only 00 agent.

When he started, Bond was issued a .25 ACP Berretta 418 handgun, which was smaller than what he had been used to in the military, but found it a weapon that was easy to conceal, especially when using a shoulder holster, and considering Bond’s penchant for well cut tuxedos, and business suits, while wearing loafers.

Bond’s designation was awarded to him after his first assignment, which there are two different versions of. Perhaps, one was a false flag operation to hide something else that went down, with the other closer to the truth, who knows. One story goes that he got it after killing two enemy agents, a Japanese spy on the thirty-sixth floor of the RCA Building at Rockefeller Center (then housing the headquarters of British Security) in New York City, and a Norwegian double agent who had betrayed two British agents. The other story was on a mission that brought him to Prague, he assassinated Dryden, the traitorous MI6 section chief stationed there. He then traveled to Lahore, Pakistan, where he kills Fisher, Dryden’s contact with criminal organizations, after a violent and intense hand to hand fight to the death in a rundown apartment, ended when Bond strangles him. From there Bond tracks down a corrupt Greek official, Alex Dimitrios in the Bahamas, who in a matter of hours, loses his car to Bond in a poker game, Bond sleeps with his wife Solange, and then he gets killed by Bond in a crowded museum.

Regardless of what actually happened, after returning to London, Bond receives his 007 designation but gets read the riot act by M who sternly established her authority. Besides berating him for breaking international law, M also made it known she felt Bond was a “sexist misogynist dinosaur”. But then considering he is maybe twenty-two to twenty-three years old at the time, what can one expect his attitude to be, considering killing in cold blood doesn’t seem to be a problem for him, yet at the same time he’s funny, smart, confident, and with the amount of experience already under his belt at such a young age, would seem to confirm one of Cmdr. Fleming’s favorite sayings “I shall not waste my days in trying to prolong them”.

Bond’s first mission “officially” was the Casino Royale operation. With British treasury agent Vesper Lynd, at his side, they were tasked with trying to bankrupt Le Chiffre, a terrorist financier and paymaster for the Russian counter-surveillance agency, Smersh, which also controlled some of Europe’s largest trade unions, and other divisions of Russia’s secret service.

Bond and Vesper attend a game of Texas hold-em poker at the Casino Royale in Montenegro. CIA agent Felix Leiter was also in attendance, and would become one of Bond’s very few friends throughout their careers. Also in attendance, including those actually at the table, were members of various countries’ intelligence and secret service organizations.

After losing the bulk of the money Vesper had brought with them and to stay in the game, Felix and the CIA bankrolled Bond the rest of the way. In the final hand it was all in, $115 million. Le Chiffre topped all the other hands still left at the table except Bond’s, who beats him with a straight flush.

After blowing such millions of dollars that was not his, Le Chiffre became a cornered animal, rare for a Bond villain. Kidnapping Bond and Vesper, Le Chiffre viciously tortures Bond, but a Smersh hit squad led by a Mr. White suddenly breaks in and assassinates Le Chiffre and his henchmen, and since the contract did not include Bond or Vesper, the assassins release them, though not before cutting a Cyrillic “LLI” into the back of Bond’s hand, signifying the Russian word shpion (spy), and Vesper making a private deal with Mr. White, the money Le Chiffre lost in exchange for Bond’s life.

Sharing a suite in a Venetian hotel while they recovered, Vesper would be the first woman Bond fell truly in love. Bond confesses his love to her as does she, and actually resigns from MI6 so that they can have a normal life together. But unbeknownst to Bond, in order to save his life Vesper had agreed to assist in the transfer of the money won at the Casino Royale, into Mr White’s and Smersh’s hands. After catching her in the act and feeling as though he had been played, his heart probably felt ripped out of his chest. They end up in a sinking building in Venice, with Vesper trapped. With all he had Bond valiantly attempted to save her but the building soon sinks underwater, and though Bond still did everything he could, Vesper refused his attempts and allowed herself to drown.

Later Bond discovered a text message left for him by Vesper, with Mr. White’s name and phone number. Bond tracked him down and kidnaps him, but instead of killing him he hands him in to the authorities. Every year since Vesper’s death, Bond still visits her grave in Cornwall England. It has been said that after losing Vesper, Bond would slowly begin to, instead of doing his job because of his principles; he began to use his job more often than not, in pursuing personal battles.

After surgery on the back of his hand to try to erase the inscription carved into it, and months of recovery time, the loss of Vesper lay heavy upon him. Bond eventually took on another minor mission which ended in Nassau, Bahamas. Taking a few days off, he was invited to a dinner party held by the Governor. After the guests all leave, the Governor and Bond retire to his den for a cigar. There Bond created what he would call the Vesper; three measures of Gordon’s Gin, one of Vodka, and half a measure of the wine-based aperitif Kina Lillet, shaken and not stirred, until its ice cold, then add a large thin slice of lemon peel, and served in a deep champagne goblet. This drink would be his usual, and often. And though Bond also enjoys expensive wine and champagne, especially if any caviar happens to be lying about, he also enjoys the occasional neat whiskey or scotch. It was estimated by fellow agents and the few friends he has, that his weekly alcohol consumption is about five times the recommended amount, yet incredibly his alcohol intake doesn’t seem to affect his performance. As for non-alcoholic drinks he stays away from tea, once blaming it for the downfall of the British Empire, and instead prefers coffee, dark and thick. Coincidently perhaps, from what we will learn of Bond, a Vesper martini has approximately 130 calories, which on average is what men burn during sex.

Bond also became a very heavy smoker, averaging about 60 custom-made cigarettes a day (3 packs). Over time he would cut that vice down to the occasional cigar, and since, has been able to quit cigarettes altogether.

As they sipped and smoked, Bond asked who the boring couple at the party were. The Governor began by telling the story about the relationship between fellow Brits, civil servant Phillip Masters and air hostess Rhoda Llewellyn. After a brief whirlwind romance they married and moved to Bermuda. Early into the marriage Rhoda began a long open affair with the son of a rich Bermudian family. Philip was devastated, his work began to slide, and eventually he suffered a nervous breakdown. Taking the time to recover he traveled a bit, then returned and divided his home into two sections, his and hers. In private they did not acknowledge each other, in public they simply pretended to be a couple. Eventually Phillip divorced her and moves back to the UK, leaving Rhoda with all their debt, and stranded in Bermuda. And though Phillip was successful in his plan of avenging Rhoda, emotionally he never recovered, while Rhoda remarried a rich Canadian. The “boring couple” were Rhoda and her Canadian husband.

The Governor explained the point of the story as being, when you don’t  have a quantum of solace in a relationship, defined as “a precise figure defining the comfort, humanity, and fellow feeling required between two people for love to survive”, it’s time to end it and give it up. As soon as lack of respect for each other rears its ugly head, it’s over, simply walk away. I’m sure, and it has been said, that Bond thought long and hard over that story. Perhaps flying back to London was enough time to think about his and Vesper’s relationship, where their quantum of solace ended with her dying, and he began to focus on seeking revenge for her death.

Returning to London, Bond finds out Mr. White had escaped and there had been an attempt on M’s life. Chomping at the bit he was given a mission that was possibly related to such events.

The assignment was to eliminate wealthy businessman Dominic Greene, who intended to stage a coup d’état in Bolivia to seize control of their water supply, and who was, whether by twist of fate or happenstance, a member of the Quantum criminal organisation. Bond was assisted by Bolivian agent Camille Montes, who was plotting revenge for the murder of her own family. Also helping was MI6 agent Strawberry Fields, who Bond seduced, but unfortunately she was subsequently killed working undercover. The mission would become known as one of Bond’s most violent, as he destroyed Greene’s plans and captured him, then left him in the middle of a desert with nothing but a can of oil. M later told Bond Greene was found with two bullets in his chest and his stomach held a can of oil. Bond simply shrugged and thought, Greene’s boss no doubt.

M asked where his loyalties lay and was he mentally able to continue doing his job, Bond replied he never left. Besides, Bond felt the mission wasn’t yet completed, and on his own time flew to Russia and tracked down Vesper’s former lover Yesef Kabira, who was now involved with Smersh and Quantum, and had been involved in the blackmailing of Vesper, thus, indirectly responsible for her death. But once again, instead of a double tap to the forehead Bond allowed him to live and be arrested.

Another mission around this time took Bond and fellow agent 006, Alec Trevelyan, to infiltrate a Russian chemical weapons facility. There they were attacked and captured. During the struggle 006 was shot and left for dead, while Bond made his escape. In actual fact Trevelyan had faked his own death and would spend the next nine years creating what became known as the Janus crime syndicate. Oblivious to such knowledge, until nine years later, when Bond meets the attractive psychopath and sadist Xenia Onatopp in Monte Carlo, and soon finds out she is a member of Janus. He also finds out she had recently killed a Canadian Admiral by crushing him between her thighs while having sex. Though knowing all this, Bond still seduces her and while undressing for bed, and removing his jacket, Onatopp notices his shoulder holster and tells him that “you won’t need a gun”, Bond replied, “well that depends on your definition of safe sex”. A downright scary individual, she visibly experienced an orgasm whenever she killed someone. But then, at the same time, this mission would be Bond’s most violent operation to-date, where he personally killed 47 individuals.

Bond also finds out that Janus’s leader is none other than the now scarred and disfigured Trevelyan, whose plan was to steal the command codes and hardware to control two electromagnetic pulse weapons (GoldenEyes) mounted on orbiting satellites. During the theft Onatopp excitedly killed every individual in the scientific faculty that built them, except for one lone survivor, Natalya Simonova, a skilled programmer who hid and lived. Simonova ends up with Bond and after becoming lovers, she helps him complete his mission. Onatopp on the other hand ends up fighting Bond, and died crushed against a tree by a crashed helicopter. In the end, Trevelyan asked Bond, “I might as well ask you if all those martinis ever silence the screams of all the men you’ve killed or if you find forgiveness in the arms of all those willing women for all the dead ones you failed to protect”. A mirror of each other, their fight to the death was extremely brutal, until Trevelyan was dropped seventy meters onto a satellite dish.

A few months after the mission where he had taken the air out of the tires of Dominic Greene’s and Quantum’s grandiose plans, Bond found himself in New York City, investigating the deaths of three MI6 agents over a 24 hour period. With friend CIA agent Felix Leiter at his side, they investigated a couple of Harlem nightclubs, but were kidnapped by a Mr. Big (short for Bonaparte Ignace Gallia), a ruthless gangster and drug dealer, who owned a chain of New York, “Filet of Soul” dinner clubs. After some torture, carried out by Mr. Big’s henchman Tee Hee Johnson, who had a pincer for a hand, Bond told their mundane made-up cover story. To determine if Bond was telling the truth Mr. Big brought in the beautiful, Simone “Solitaire” Latrelle, so named because she excluded men from her life. She was a tarot card reader and possessed the power of obeah, a voodoo cult of the West Indies. She was said to be able to see the future and events in the present. She lied to Mr. Big saying Bond was telling the truth, so he and Leiter were released, though not before Tee Hee breaks one of Bond’s fingers.

Leaving Mr. Big, Solitaire was seduced by Bond, and gladly helps him complete the mission, though by doing so she would forever lose her powers. With Solitaire’s assistance, Bond tracked Mr. Big down to the small Caribbean island of San Monique, where he ruled over his people using voodoo and the occult. To his people he was known as Dr. Kananga. His big plan was to distribute, free of charge, two tons of heroin, through his chain of “Filet of Soul” restaurants, thereby increasing demand by creating more addicts. Bond killed Mr, Big, by blowing him up with compressed air, and his remaining henchmen, Mo Thing, Sam Miami, The Flannel, and Blabbermouth Foley, then burned the island’s poppy crop to the ground.

In between missions, and considering his exploits in far off exotic locations, and trysts with beautiful women, when Bond  was back in London, he was actually very routine driven. Bond lived in a flat off King’s Road in Chelsea, and was looked after by an elderly Scottish housekeeper named May Maxwell.

Some people who knew him at the time, thought there was a slowly, seeping “sourness” to him. When in town Bond showed up at his office at MI6 headquarters, at about ten and be gone at about six, Monday to Friday. Most of his evenings were spent at the pub playing cards with a few close friends, with his card game of chance being baccarat and not poker.

To Bond, his increasing alcohol consumption meant “relaxation, ritual and reliability”. Rumour had it that he had had rotating affairs with three similarly disposed married women, each one used strictly as cold passionate release. Then, and for quite awhile, his off and on regular love interest when home was Sylvia Trench, who he had met playing baccarat at a club. She would endear herself to Bond from the time they first met, when she shook his hand and confidently said, “Trench. Sylvia Trench”. Bond would reply in kind, and keep the greeting as his own, which at times would seem odd. Considering that over time, every time he’d be trying to fly under the radar, to be secret, as it were, he would blow his cover by declaring his name out loud upon introduction each time he meets a bad guy, “Bond… James Bond”.

On an even more personal note, when at home, Bond’s favorite foods were grilled sole and baked oeufsen cocotte (eggs and crème fraiche), eggs Benedict, and cold roast beef with potato salad. When on a mission, however, Bond ate far more extravagantly, as it was then on MI6’s credit card.

Bond rarely listened to music, and if he did, only when he was home. Though his housekeeper once admitted his musical tastes run the gamut, from orchestral compositions by John Barry, David Arnold, George Martin and Thomas Newman to the singers Shirley Bassey, Tom Jones, Nancy Sinatra, Dusty Springfield, Louis Armstrong, and Lulu. He seemed to prefer female singers such as Carly Simon, Rita Coolidge, Sheryl Crow, Gladys Knight, Alicia Keys, Sheena Easton, K.D. Lang and Adele, but also enjoyed listening to the Pretenders, Duran Duran, Chris Cornell of Soundgarden and Audioslave, Jack White, Sam Smith, Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass, and Moby.

Bond’s next assignment began when a hard drive containing the details of undercover agents was stolen by a mercenary, by the name of Patrice. Bond and experienced fellow MI6 agent Eve Moneypenny, track Patrice down to Turkey, where he and Bond get into a fight atop a moving train, with Moneypenny set up as a sniper, but from afar. She was ordered over her headset by M, to take out Patrice. But Moneypenny missed and hit Bond instead, who fell off the train and dropped over 91 meters (300 ft) into a raging river, while Patrice got away. Bond was presumed dead after search attempts found nothing.

Three months later, M’s outspoken nemesis in meetings, Gareth Mallory, the chairman of the British parliament’s Intelligence and Security Committee, was pressuring her to retire. Amidst this, MI6’s computer servers were hacked, with M receiving a taunting message, just before MI6 headquarters in downtown London exploded.

With everyone thinking he was dead, Bond had used the presumption to stay off the grid, but when he learned of the attack on MI6 he returned. And though Bond failed a series of physical and psychological examinations by Dr. Moloney, M approved his return to the field. His job, identify Patrice’s employer, recover the stolen hard drive, and kill Patrice. Ordered to MI6 Q’s office, Bond’s Berretta was replaced with a 7.65 mm Walther PPK (the same handgun Hitler used to kill himself). Eventually Bond would be issued what he uses today, the 9 mm Walther P99.

Bond found Patrice in Shanghai and they fought once again, but this time Patrice falls about the same height that Bond fell from the train, unfortunately Patrice does his header off a tall building. Bond ended up in Macau, where he met the lovely Sévérine, an accomplice of Patrice. A former sex slave who worked for a Raoul Silva, she collaborated with Bond to show him where Silva’s base of operations was and to kill him.

While travelling to a small island off the coast on Sévérine’s yacht and becoming lovers, she and Bond were captured and taken to see the man himself, Raoul Silva. Who turns out to be, Tiago Rodriguez, a disgruntled ex-employee, former MI6 agent, now working as a cyber-terrorist, and the one behind the hacking and attack on MI6 headquarters. He also carries a deep resentment of M, because years ago, she had turned him over to the Chinese in order to save six other agents. Silva shot Sévérine in the head while she was tied to a statue, while the bound Bond could only watch. But Bond eventually takes Silva down and he was brought back to London.

At MI6’s new underground headquarters, Q attempted to decrypt Silva’s laptop, but unknowingly gave the laptop access to the MI6 servers, which allowed Silva to escape. During a government inquiry into MI6’s, and M’s in particular, handling of the stolen hard drive, Silva attempted to assassinate M, but Bond arrived in the nick of time, though not before Mallory would be the one to take a bullet, saving M’s life. Bond quickly hustled M into a waiting car and they made their escape. Bond and M travelled to the Bond family estate Skyfall, in the Scottish Highlands, and met up with the estate’s gamekeeper, Kincade. They quickly prepared booby traps around the property and house, expecting Silva to show up, because Q and Bill Tanner had led an electronic trail for him to follow, like breadcrumbs.

A group of Silva’s men slither in but Bond, M and Kincade killed most of them, though M took a bullet but concealed it from Bond. Soon enough Silva showed up himself by helicopter, with more men and heavy weapons. Bond sent M and Kincade off through a tunnel to a chapel on the grounds and fought a delaying action. Soon he had to also escape down the tunnel, but Silva showed up at the chapel first, and held a gun to M’s temple as he pressed his up against hers, pleading with M to kill them both. Finally Bond appears and throws a knife into Silva’s back killing him. Cradling M in his arms she would succumb to her wound and breathe her last breath.

Following M’s funeral, Eve Moneypenny would retire from field work to become secretary for the newly appointed M, Gareth Mallory. And Bond would once again try to hide extreme loss through booze, women, gambling and increasingly, mixing Benzedrine, an amphetamine, into a glass of champagne every now and then.

A few days after M’s funeral Bond would receive a posthumous message from her detailing a terrorist bombing plot going to be pulled off by terrorist leader Marco Sciarra in Mexico City. After foiling the attempted bombing, Bond confronted Sciarra, and before he kicked him out of a helicopter for him to fall to his death, Bond took Sciarra’s ring, which was emblazoned with a stylised octopus. He would soon find out that it is the emblem for a group called Spectre.

When he returned to London, Bond was suspended from field duty by the new M, but Bond disobeyed M’s orders and traveled to Rome to attend Sciarra’s funeral. There he seduced Sciarra’s widow, Lucia, who tells him Marco belonged to an organisation of businessmen with criminal and terrorist connections. Bond used Sciarra’s ring to infiltrate a meeting to select Sciarra’s replacement, where he identified the leader as Franz Oberhauser. The meeting also included talk about putting a hit on someone, who Bond surmised to be Mr. White, and whom Bond knew very well. Bond’s cover was blown at the meeting and he ran for it, followed by the assassin Mr Hinx, who he loses. Bond contacted Ms. Moneypenny to find out who Oberhauser really was, considering he was presumed dead years earlier. Moneypenny in return found out that the previously known Mr. White was a former member of Oberhauser’s organization’s subsidy Quantum, but who was now in hiding.

Bond tracked White down in Austria, where he was dying of thallium poisoning. He tells Bond all about Oberhauser’s organization, called Spectre, short for Special Executive for Counter-intelligence, Terrorism Revenge and Extortion. It was run as a commercial enterprise, with the executive made up of three from six of the world’s most notorious organizations, including the neo-Nazis, jihadists, drug lords, arms dealers, terrorist organizations and mad megalomaniacs. Not aligned to any nation or political ideology it was all about money and power no matter what it took. White asks Bond to find and protect his daughter, Dr. Madeline Swann, a psychiatrist working at a private medical clinic and who could help him find Oberhauser. After Bond promised to do so, White committed suicide. Bond finds Swann and they become lovers.

Soon Bond and Swann are captured by Oberhauser himself, and taken to his base of operations in the Sahara desert, where he admits he now goes by the name Ernst Stavro Blofeld, and as he tortured Bond he tells him of their connection so long ago and the deep resentment he still felt. Bond also finds out that many of his past villains, including Le Chiffre, Dominic Greene, Raoul Silva, and Mr. White, were actually all agents of Spectre, running its various umbrella organizations.  Bond and Swann eventually escaped and blew up Blofeld’s base, leaving him to his death.

Back in London, a couple of weeks later, Bond and Swann are kidnapped separately. Bond is taken to the ruins of the old MI6 building, scheduled for demolition after Silva’s bombing. A disfigured Blofeld showed up in a helicopter and told Bond that he must escape before explosives are detonated or die trying to save Swann, who is also somewhere in the building. Bond breaks loose and after finding Swann, they escaped by boat as the building collapsed around them. Bond then shoots down Blofeld’s helicopter, which crashed onto Westminster Bridge. Bond pulled the injured and disfigured Blofeld from the wreckage and allowed him to be arrested. Of course, the bald Blofeld would eventually escape, and continue acting on his lunatic fantasies of taking over the world. Most often while stroking a Chinchilla Silver Persian cat purring on his lap.

Over the next few months MI6 itself seemed splintered, as to loyalties and resentment, and along with a disturbing rise in failed missions and agents deaths, the powers that be finally decided that M Mallory was to be replaced by British Navy Rear Admiral Bernard Lee.

Having individual introductory meetings with his agents, M Lee tells Bond his latest physical assessment was poor because of his excessive drinking and smoking, and sent him off to re-hab at the Shrublands Health Clinic near a UN airbase. There Bond noticed a tattoo on a fellow patient indicating he was a member of a Chinese criminal organization, and had something suspicious going on with another patient whose head was covered in bandages. Bond was caught searching his room and after a brief struggle the man with the tattoo tried to kill Bond using a spinal traction machine. Bond was saved by his physiotherapist, Patricia Fearing, whom he then blackmailed into having sex in exchange for not telling her employer about the incident. The man with his head wrapped in bandages was Spectre pilot Angelo Palazzi, whose face was being surgically altered to match French Air Force pilot François Derval, who was also staying at Shrublands.

By the time Bond returned to London he finds out that an RAF Avro Vulcan strategic jet bomber loaded with two atomic bombs was stolen from the base that was nearby the clinic he had just returned from, and that the French pilot who usually flew her was found dead.

At a meeting at MI6, all agents were informed that Spectre was demanding $400 million in diamonds from NATO in exchange for the bombs, or else Spectre would destroy a major city in either the US or the UK. The plan was overseen by Blofeld, but carried out by his number two, the eye patch-wearing, wealthy playboy, and head of Spectre’s Extortion Division, Emilio Largo.

The Americans and British launched “Operation Thunderball” to take Spectre down and return the two atomic bombs intact. Acting on a tip, M sent Bond to the Bahamas, who hooked up once again with CIA’s Felix Leiter. In Nassau, Bond met Dominique “Domino” Derval, Emilio Largo’s mistress, and soon after seducing her, Bond informed her that Largo killed her brother (the pilot killed at the clinic) and recruits her to spy on Largo. But while doing so Largo captured her in the act and tortured her by burning her with a cigar for heat and then using ice cubes for cold. Domino eventually escaped and told Bond the two bombs are onboard Largo’s yacht, the Disco Volante, so Bond contacted MI6 and soon an American nuclear submarine showed up to assist. The crews of both vessels engaged in an undersea battle, while Bond, who was weakened after disabling the bombs, fights Largo who quickly gets the upper hand and just before finishing off Bond, Domino showed up and shot Largo in the back with a spear-gun.

Bond and Domino escaped, along with Largo’s nuclear scientist Dr. Ladislav Kutze, who in the end had turned on Largo and assisted Bond to save the day. While travelling in a boat in their escape he innocently admitted he can’t swim, Bond pushed him overboard. He and Domino end up convalescing in the same hospital.

Altogether there were seven operations against Spectre. For Bond, perhaps the toughest of these was when he was once again, on her majesty’s secret service, and trying to thwart another Spectre plan run by Blofeld, who this time was brainwashing patients to distribute bacteriological warfare agents throughout the world. While Bond was trying to track down the lunatic, he ran across the Contessa Teresa di Vicenzo, who preferred to be called Tracy, on a beach and saves her from committing suicide by drowning. It is said it was love at first sight. No doubt the experience affected Bond considering the suicide by drowning of Vesper earlier in his career. With the assistance of Tracy and her father, Marc-Ange Draco, the head of the European crime syndicate “Unione Corse”, they are able to attack Blofeld’s Swiss Alp’s lair, and foil his plan though once again Blofeld escapes.

After the mission and smitten by the resourceful, headstrong yet vulnerable woman, Bond proposes marriage and she accepts. They were married in Portugal, and driving away to I’m sure a very wonderful, exotic honeymoon somewhere, when Bond pulled over and got out to retrieve some flowers from the car, just as another car driven by Blofeld pulls up and Blofeld’s partner Irma Bunt, opens up on them with a machine gun. Bond survives, but Tracy is killed in the attack. Blofeld would escape and Irma Bunt would disappear, and be the only villain to have beaten Bond, leaving him broken and human. It would also be the only time Bond ever married. Word has it that when the first policeman showed up a tearful Bond was cradling Tracy’s body on the side of the road, and told the officer, “It’s all right. It’s quite all right, really. She’s having a rest. We’ll be going on soon. There’s no hurry you see, we have all the time in the world.”

Eight months after the murder of Tracy Bond, Bond was drinking and gambling heavily, and beginning to make mistakes, even confined to his desk  in MI6’s diplomatic branch, where he had been temporarily been transferred to. M saw a depressed man in mourning and as a last resort sends Bond to Japan on a semi-diplomatic mission. There Bond was to simply trade some information from radio transmissions captured from Russia, with the head of Japan’s secret intelligence service, Tiger Tanaka, who would provide information in return. The deal fell through when Tanaka revealed that they had already penetrated the British information source and gotten the information themselves. But Bond and Tanaka immediately connect, and Bond decided to stay another couple of days as Tanaka introduced Bond to the Japanese lifestyle, which began to make an impression on Bond, in a good way some have said.

After many conversations over sushi and plenty of sake, one day Tanaka tells Bond that an NASA spacecraft was hijacked from orbit by an unidentified spaceship and that it might have landed on the small isolated Japanese island of Ama. Tanaka asks Bond to help investigate and with permission from M, they come up with a plan to infiltrate the island, which had nothing more than a couple of small fishing villages, and an extinct volcano that dominated the island. After a few flybys of the island it was determined that the spaceship had to have landed inside the volcano. On one of the reconnaissance missions Bond was captured by a Mr. Osato, a Japanese industrialist rumoured to be working with Spectre. And that, lo and behold, the true mastermind behind this operation was Ernst Blofeld, who had been hired by the People’s Republic of China to start a Soviet-American war.

Bond woke up, tied up, in an opulent cabin aboard a yacht. Spectre operative number eleven, Helga Brandt, entered and interrogated Bond but he somehow managed to seduce her enough for her to kiss him, and who then ended up freeing him in order to have sex. After spending the night together, Brandt would change her mind and try to kill Bond but he escapes. Brandt meanwhile, would be dropped into a pool of piranhas by Blofeld for her failure.

Back in Tokyo, Bond began training with Tanaka’s ninja troops, and made to look Japanese in order to disguise himself as a fisherman alongside a wife, who would act like newlyweds and spend their honeymoon on the island in order to infiltrate it. The woman chosen, Aki, one of Tanaka’s assistants, would play the role of the wife, and of course became romantically involved with Bond. Unfortunately she was poisoned by a Spectre assassin, who’s target was actually Bond. Quickly moving on, Tanaka selected Kissy Suzuki, an intern in the service, who entered into a fake marriage with Bond, who began to look more Japanese each day. Tanaka renames Bond “Taro Todoroki” for the mission.

After arriving on the island, Bond and Suzuki established that the mouth of the volcano was indeed a disguised hatch to the secret rocket base. Tanaka and his ninjas attack, and in the ensuing battle Bond faced off with Blofeld in the control room. Some say Blofeld activated the base’s self-destruct system, and escaped. More credible sources say Bond finally killed him, strangling him in a vicious rage. Whichever the case may be, Bond, Suzuki, Tanaka, and his surviving ninja troops escaped, though in the confusion when in fact the entire complex did explode, Bond and Suzuki became separated from the main group.

While escaping, Bond had suffered a head injury, leaving him an amnesiac. He and Suzuki made their way to another small fishing village, with Bond believing he was a simple fisherman. Kissy conceals his true identity to keep him forever to herself. And once again, the rest of the world believed him to be dead, with his obituary appearing in the newspapers. Many who knew him were body-slammed by the news.

Soon Suzuki becomes pregnant, but doesn’t tell Bond, hoping when she does tell him he will marry her for real. Though now a peaceful, loving and simple fisherman, Bond would have flashbacks of things he could not understand and confused over the fact he had no memory. But for all intents and purposes he was a happy man. He had a renewed sense of humour and a purpose in life and becoming healthier each day.  Even dabbling in Haiku (Japanese poetry), and supposedly written by or in the style of Japanese poet Matsuo Bashō, “You only live twice. Once when you are born, and once when you look death in the face.”  (You Only Live Twice, Chapter 11)

Reading a newspaper one day there was a reference to Vladivostok, Russia, which touched a nerve, making him wonder if the far-off city was a key to his missing memory. Bond told Suzuki he must travel to Russia to find out. It was a sad parting of ways but Bond was adamant, and left a crying Suzuki, who had decided to keep her secret to herself, and become the only woman to bear his child. Suzuki and the baby’s current whereabouts are still unknown.

Finally making his way to Russia, Bond was kidnapped by their secret service, tortured, then brainwashed into assassinating MI6’s head M.

A year later a man claiming to be the presumed dead Bond appears at MI6 headquarters, in London, and demands to meet the head of the Secret Service. Bond’s identity was confirmed, but during his debriefing interview with M, Bond tries to kill him with a cyanide pistol, but the attempt failed. MI6 doctors, medical specialists and psychologists swarm Bond over the next few months, and find out he had suffered the loss of his only wife and biggest true love, a head injury which caused amnesia, lived as a Japanese fisherman for several months, and had been tortured and brainwashed in Russia, but they could cure him they frowned, and so they say they did.

De-programmed, Bond is given another chance to prove his worth as a member of the 00 section, and once again to be the best tool in their toolbox. He is soon is sent to Jamaica, with the seemingly impossible mission of killing the world’s most professional and feared assassin, Francisco (Paco) “Pistols” Scaramanga, a Cuban assassin who was believed to have also killed several British secret agents. He was known as “The Man with the Golden Gun”, because his weapon of choice was a gold-plated Colt .45 revolver, which fired silver-jacketed solid-gold bullets.

Tracking Scaramanga down to an island off China’s east coast, and Bond being Bond, he seduced Scaramanga’s mistress Andrea Anders. Afterwards, and in front of Scaramanga, whom he had just met, she entered the room they were in and Bond looks at her and said, “Miss Anders, I didn’t recognize you with your clothes on”.

MI6 agent, former personal secretary and friend Mary Goodnight, also appeared and assisted Bond in his endeavors, while still having the time to strike up a romance together. Bond and Goodnight foiled Scaramanga’s terroristic plans, with Bond facing off against him, and though Bond takes a shot in the arm, Bond killed him with two shots to the chest. And instead of killing Scaramanga’s sidekick, the short person Nick Nack, Bond cages him. It would be Bond’s only mission in which he only kills once. But after this mission it is said that Bond became ever more cold and emotionless.

His most recent missions, at least what has been leaked, include one run by M Brown, which brought Bond and CIA friend Felix Leiter, to Key West to initially take out drug lord Franz Sanchez. They quickly captured him, and soon after, Bond is best man at Leiter’s wedding. But a crooked DEA agent allowed Sanchez to escape, who quickly sent his crew to ambush Leiter and his newlywed. Felix is lowered into a tank occupied by a Tiger shark, while his wife is raped and killed. Bond showed up later to Leiter’s home and finds his friend maimed and wife killed. First going after the DEA agent, Bond found him and killed him by dropping him into the same shark tank Felix had been dropped into, but this time not letting him out. Before following the trail to Sanchez though, M showed up and reassigns Bond to a mission in Turkey, but Bond refused. M suspends him and revokes his 00 status. No matter, once again Bond goes rogue.

Assisting him in taking out Sanchez was ex-CIA agent and pilot Pam Bouvier, who he met of course, in a Bimini bar. They fly to the Republic of Isthmus, where Bond put out the word to Sanchez that he was an assassin for hire. But just before Bond gets close and assassinates Sanchez, two British Hong Kong Narcotics Bureau agents, along with MI6 agent Fallon, sent by M to arrest Bond, capture him. Thinking the agents are assassins, the paranoid Sanchez kills them all, saving Bond so he could hire him.

After Bond met Sanchez’s girlfriend Lupe Lamora, who was visibly attracted to him, Bond finds out the trick in Sanchez’s successful drug business was that his scientists had figured out how to dissolve cocaine in gas, and sell it to Asian dealers disguised as fuel. Bond and Bouvier systematically took down Sanchez’s empire. Bond kills Sanchez’s three main henchmen, by using a pressure chamber, wood shredder and harpoon. Finally facing off with Sanchez, Bond was caught in a bad spot and about to be attacked with the a machete wielding, covered in fuel madman, but at the last second Bond pulled out the lighter Leiter had given him for being best-man and lit Sanchez up.

Partying afterwards at Sanchez’s estate, with Lupe now the host, Bond gets a call from Alex telling him M was trying to get a hold of him and asking for Bond to return. Hanging up Bond politely rejected Lupe’s advances and romances Bouvier instead.

A few months later it was off to Hamburg, Germany, where Bond was ordered to investigate Elliot Carver, a psychopathic media mogul who planned to provoke global war to boost sales and ratings of his news divisions. There Bond bumps into Paris Carver, a former girlfriend of his who was now Carver’s trophy wife. He seduced her by relighting old flames, to get information on Carver. Then afterwards and with the assistance of Colonel Wai Lin, a Chinese spy, who Bond also seduced, together they destroy Carver’s plans and kill him, and most of his henchmen, unfortunately, not before one of them killed Paris.

The next mission to arise out of the dirt was germinated when a dear friend of M, Sir Robert King, a British oil tycoon, was assassinated by Victor “Renard” Zokas, a former KGB agent turned high-tech terrorist. Bond chased down the assassin, hired by Renard to do the actual deed, but she died during the chase. Getting first aid on a few minor injuries absorbed during the chase, Bond seduced Dr. Molly Warmflash, an MI6 agent and doctor assigned to examine him. Bond’s assignment then became to protect King’s daughter Elektra, who had previously been held for ransom by Renard. But soon Bond doubted where Elektra’s loyalties exactly lie.

Bond unraveled Renard’s scheme to increase petroleum prices by triggering a nuclear meltdown of a submarine in the waters of Istanbul, Turkey. Assisting Bond was Dr. Christmas Jones, an American nuclear physicist. Elektra eventually revealed that indeed, she and Renard were co- conspirators, and that she had had her father killed as revenge for using her as bait for Renard.

Elektra ends up abducting M, whom she resented for advising her father not to pay the ransom money, and imprisoned her in the one thousand year old, Maidens Tower, which lies on a small islet located at the southern entrance of the Bosporus strait, off of Turkey. Bond and Christmas were then captured by Elektra’s henchmen, and while Christmas was taken aboard a submarine, Bond was taken to the tower where Elektra tortured him with a garrote. But allies of Bond seize the tower and free Bond and M. Bond and Electra would face off and after getting the upper hand on her and pointing a gun at her head, Electra smiled at Bond and told him that “he would be unable to kill her because he’d miss her too much”. Bond smiled back “I never miss”, and promptly shot her in the face.

Bond gets aboard the submarine, frees Christmas, gets into a fight with Renard, who was killed by being impaled by a plutonium rod shot out of a sub’s reactor core at high speed, and finally, he and Christmas set the sub to safely implode underwater. They both escaped from the submarine via the torpedo launcher. Supposedly after the mission, Bond and Christmas would spend a couple weeks holed up in Bond’s London flat “recovering”.

Bond’s most recent assignment, and perhaps his last, was no doubt one of his most brutal. After infiltrating a North Korean military base, which was suspected of being the base of operations for a Colonel Tan-Sun Moon, who was trading weapons for conflict diamonds. Someone rats Bond out, and Moon attempted to kill him, but after a chase ended with Moon’s apparent death, Bond is captured by his father General Moon. Bond is kept in captivity for fourteen months, interspersed with seemingly endless torture sessions. It has been rumoured that Bond went mad.

Eventually Bond is traded in a prisoner exchange, sedated and taken to Hong Kong, where M suspends his 00 status under suspicion of having leaked information under duress. Bond believes he was set up by someone in the British government, and as Bond does, he decided to avenge the betrayal. And but yet again escapes MI6 and goes rogue.

He soon learns of agents connected to the supposedly dead Colonel Moon operating in Cuba. There Bond met American NSA agent Giacinta “Jinx” Johnson, with whom he immediately seduced. Afterwards they made their way to a gene therapy clinic, where patients can have their appearances altered through DNA restructuring. Bond confronted a Korean agent, who escaped, but which led Bond and Jinx to a cache of diamonds bearing the crest of the company owned by British billionaire businessman Gustav Graves. They learn that Graves only appeared a year prior, seemingly out of thin air, after apparently discovering a vein of diamonds in Iceland, which led to his current wealth, celebrity, and philanthropy from its assets.

Back in London Bond meets Graves, along with his assistant Miranda Frost, who was also an undercover MI6 agent. After a fencing duel between Graves and Bond that nearly got out of hand, Graves invited Bond to Iceland for a scientific demonstration. Bond gets a phone call from M who told him that MI6 had doubts about Graves, restored his 00 status and offered all the assistance he needed.

At his ice palace in Iceland, Graves unveiled a new orbital mirror satellite, “Icarus”, which is able to focus solar energy on a small area and provide year-round sunshine for crop development, but in actual fact his plan was to use it to cut a path through the Korean Demilitarized Zone with concentrated sunlight, allowing North Korean troops to invade South Korea and reunite the peninsula by force.

Jinx infiltrated Graves’ command centre, but was captured. Bond rescued her and later discovered that Colonel Moon was still alive, because he’s Gustav Grimes, via gene therapy to change his appearance. Bond confronted Graves, but Frost arrived to reveal herself as the traitor who betrayed Bond in North Korea. Bond escaped only to return in an Aston Martin V12 Vanquish to rescue Jinx, who had been captured once again within the palace. After she almost drowned, Bond saves her by using CPR, then simple kissing techniques, while Graves and Frost escaped to their C-130 cargo plane and headed back to North Korea, with the Icarus weapon on board. But totally unaware that Bond and Jinx had stowed away on board as well.

After Graves tells his father General Moon, who was also onboard, of his diabolical plan, his dad was horrified by the plan because it would cause a nuclear war with the United States. Graves shoots his father dead. Bond and Graves then engage in a fist fight, while Frost attacked Jinx. Getting beaten badly by Bond, Graves attempts to escape by parachute, but Bond opened the parachute, and caused Graves to be pulled out of the plane and into one of its engines, killing him and disabling the Icarus beam. It is said Bond yelled out after him, “time to face destiny”. Jinx meanwhile had killed Frost, and they escaped from the disintegrating plane in a helicopter from the cargo hold, carrying away Graves’ stash of diamonds in the process. And once again Bond ends up with a beautiful woman for a week or so long sexual affair, this time in a South Korean Buddhist temple located on the slopes of a forested tranquil valley.

Love interest, sidekick or foe, and whether or not he is on a mission or relaxing, or dealing with the demons inside his head, Bond has no qualms about sleeping with beautiful women. Most are “ubiquitous symbols of glamour and sophistication”, and seem to always have splendid figures and tend to dress in a “slightly masculine, assertive fashion, wear little jewellery and they generally use little or no makeup and no nail polish”. Whatever the variation in dress they are always very beautiful. Many of the women Bond beds have some sort of independent job or even career, with some involved in intelligence or law enforcement. Even those who were criminals tended to be similarly independent-minded in how they approached their work.

Other than the ones already noted, his little black book also includes, Tiffany Case, who is a good example of the type of women Bond was attracted to. Bond first met Tiffany on one of many earlier operations against Blofeld’s Spectre organization, this one, infiltrating a diamond smuggling ring connected to Blofeld’s plan of destroying targets in China, the United States and the Soviet Union with a laser satellite he had created, and then propose an international auction for global nuclear supremacy. Tiffany was one of the members of the smuggling gang, and had developed an antipathy towards men after being gang-raped as a teenager. Many women Bond has been with have had similar experiences, as many of them had risen up from being either sex slaves or sexually assaulted and gravitate to becoming a mistress or aide to the man running the organization, simple self preservation. Like many women Bond came to admire, Tiffany was tough, but lonely and insecure, and like many others, felt more confident in themselves when with Bond. Who himself hoped he could at least align them with a more honest lifestyle. Bond fell in love with Tiffany, the first time he had done so since Vesper and Tracey, even though he did fit in a quick affair with a similar beautiful woman with a similar background, by the name of Plenty O’Toole, who unfortunately would be killed soon after.

After the mission was completed and another Blofeld plan had been thwarted, Tiffany moved in with Bond back home, but eventually she left him to marry an American business man, and is now supposedly a very loving and happy wife and mother to three children. Alike was Honeychile Rider, a shell diver who was making a living by selling Jamaican seashells to dealers in Miami, when she met up with Bond. After being sexually abused for much of her young life, then assisting Bond on a mission and becoming his lover, she would move to Philadelphia, where she married a doctor by the name of Wilder and had two children with him.

Others in his book include, Fatima Blush, Holly Goodhead, Chow Mee, Gala Brand, Countess Lisl von Schlaf, Melina Havelock, Lavender Peacock, Penelope Smallbone, Jill and Tilly Masterton, Fiona Volpe and wealthy business woman and smuggler, Octopussy. He has slept with women on trains, planes, in a forest, a stable, a motorized iceberg, in hospitals, a submarine, and a dinghy, and even on the space shuttle, along of course in multiple suites of fine exotic hotels and inns. Rumour has it that when Bond and a woman are kissing, making love, or implying he will do so, they nearly all purr “Oh James”.

Bond has had an estimated 78 sexual encounters over his career so far, but actually has had sex with only 55 of them. Unfortunately 75% of the women he sleeps with attempt to kill him, and that one of every three women he beds dies. Of his main love interests, whom some within MI6 have called “Bond Girls” only two have died. Both, being the ones Bond loved the most, the previously mentioned Vesper Lynd and Tracy Bond.

As to his day job, to-date Bond has over 378 kills and the cause for nearly 1,000 collateral damage deaths. On the flip side it was estimated that he has been shot at over 5,000 times. Since his medical records have never been released, he has taken who knows how many bullet and knife injuries along the way, as well as all the mental and physical damage from being tortured on a fairly regular basis.  Supposedly Bond has a habit of laughing hysterically when being tortured, and there is no doubt being held by the North Koreans for so long had to have affected him, but supposedly he has always been that way. When being tortured by Le Chiffre on his first mission, by being tied to an open bottomed chair naked, and having his testicles hit with a carpet beater, it is said Bond laughed in Chiffre’s face, spitting at him “that the whole world will now know that you died scratching my balls.” By happenstance Le Chiffre is killed soon after. It is also said by those who know him or have faced off against him that Bond also has a dry wit about him, especially after many of his kills, and as we have touched on throughout, seemed to be a master of the one-liner.

Today he has a scar down his right cheek and left shoulder, with visible plastic surgery on the back of his right hand. It has been estimated that he has had at least sixteen, maybe more, severe concussions over his career. As to PTSD, one would think his case would be severe, but then I don’t know, can psychopaths be afflicted with such a disorder.

One would also have to consider some of his foes that he has fought, other than those already mentioned. One of the most formidable would have to be the mercenary henchman, Jaws. Standing 217 cm (7.1 ft) tall with steel capped teeth, he was big and very strong. The first time they fought, Bond found himself in an unbreakable death grip and about to be bitten, and only got out of it by pushing a nearby broken electric lamp up against Jaws teeth, stunning him. Jaws also had an uncanny ability to survive any misfortune seemingly unscathed, in this one mission alone he survives an Egyptian structure’s collapse on top of him, being hit by a van, being thrown from a rapidly moving train, sitting in the passenger seat of a car which veers off a cliff, a battle underwater with a shark, and the destruction of his employer, scientist and anarchist Karl Stomberg’s base of operations.

On another mission Bond and Jaws faced off once more, and after falling over one thousand meters (several thousand feet) after accidentally disabling his own parachute (he falls through a circus tent and lands in the trapeze net), a later crash through a building inside a runaway cable car, and finally going over the over 300 m (1000 ft) Iguazu Falls, in Brazil, Jaws turns on his latest employer and helps Bond complete the mission. Perhaps because of a growing respect for each other or because Jaws realized he was working for a madman named Hugo Drax, who’s plan was to stuff every space shuttle available with hand-picked, genetically perfect young men and women of varying races, then poison all of humanity, but leaving the other animals alone, then repopulating the planet. In the end Bond cornered Drax in the International space station’s airlock, shoots him with a cyanide-tipped dart, then ejected him into space. Speaking of the space shuttle, Bond has had many operations and associations with the US manned space program, including the projects Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and the Space Shuttle program.

Other foes include the Korean manservant of greedy megalomaniac Auric Goldfinger (who wanted to control the world’s gold supply), the bald and deadly Oddjob, who wore a steel razor sharp brim on his bowler. There were the mobsters Sol “Horror” Horowitz and “Sluggsy” Morant, who Bond killed with shots to their foreheads. On another mission, two of Bond’s antagonists were a pair of gay hit men, Mr. Wint and Mr. Kidd, and a pair of female body guards, Bambi and Thumper. The girls fought Bond wearing bikinis until they all ended up in a pool and Bond held their heads underwater until the second before they drowned and released them. The girls were arrested, while Wint and Kidd were blown up later.

Bond’s toughest foe pound for pound, was undoubtedly Donald “Red” Grant, a viscous Spectre assassin possessing Bond’s ugliest traits and relenting toughness. A ruthless hand to hand fight came to an end with Bond garroting him to death.

The villains and the henchmen that Bond has faced run the gamut, with most of them seemingly very over-ambitious. Nearly all were snobby, intellectual, and geniuses and scientists with elaborate island fortresses and lairs, all trying to take over and control the world in some sort of way. Many also have some sort of strange physical disfigurement, and were all pure megalomaniacs, perfectly blending ego and viciousness. Interestingly the only American villain Bond has faced was Brad Whitaker, a loud, obnoxious and brash American arms dealer, working out of Afghanistan. Go figure. Bond killed him by activating a bomb disguised as a key chain, which dropped a large statue of 18th century British general, Duke of Wellington onto his head crushing him. With Bond remarking that the poor chap, “had met his Waterloo”.

There also has been a litany of female antagonists who could also hold their own against Bond. Spectre assassin Fiona Volpe wounded him severely in a fight and actually cornered him, but just as she went in for the kill she herself is killed. One of the toughest female foes, and the boss of one of Bond’s toughest male foes, the already mentioned Red Grant, was Rosa Klebb, number three at Spectre.

After killing Red Grant, Bond tracked Klebb to a hotel in Paris, where she was to rendezvous with Grant at the conclusion of his mission, and where Bond finds out that she and Red have been trying to kill him in revenge for him killing Dr Julius No, during his previous mission. Dr No was also a tough opponent, being nearly 2 m (6’6”) tall, steel pincers for hands and having Dextrocardia, where the apex of his heart was located on the right side of his body, and not on the normally left. To end their final fight Bond tossed No into a vat of nuclear reactor cooling water, where he boiled to death.

Back in the hotel room, Klebb battled Bond solo, and after failing to kill him with a gun hidden in a telephone, she successfully poisons him by means of a fugu venom-laced blade hidden in the toe of her shoe. Bond slowly collapses to the ground and begins to die, but Rene Mathis, an agent of the French secret service DGSE (General Directorate for External Security) breaks in and captures Klebb. Mathis was a long time friend of Bond, and had both worked together on numerous few missions, including a few with Bond and Mathis’s other long time friend Alex Leiter. Here, Mathis perhaps saves Bond’s life, as he relentlessly performed CPR on his friend until the paramedics arrived. It took Bond months to recover.

Another time, while taking out Max Zorin, a psychopathic industrialist, and the product of a Nazi genetic experiment who attempted to destroy Silicon Valley and take over the microchip market, Bond came up against Zorin’s lover and chief henchwoman, the extremely powerful May Day. Her bodyguard detail included the assassins Jenny Flex, Pan Ho, Alison Doody and Papillon Soo Soo. As the mission neared its end, May Day is abandoned by her lover Zorin and would turn on him, and help Bond complete the mission. As we have seen, Bond has the uncanny ability to seduce many former female foes in turning and helping him instead. During the “Goldfinger” operation, Bond’s foe was Pussy Galore, who was the leader of Pussy Galore’s Flying Circus, a group of women aviators working for Auric Goldfinger, and who happened to be lesbian. By the end of the mission, they end up in bed, where Bond asks, “They told me you only liked women,” Pussy purred in her reply, “I never met a man before.”

So far details of 25 missions have been leaked or hacked then leaked, with who knows how many we will never know about or if the information was even correct. No doubt many of them as Bond the catalyst to all sorts of goings on. Strangely, though Bond’s missions have taken him to over 60 countries, as well as outer space, and he has saved the world numerous times, there would be only two films ever made about his exploits.

The Casino Royale operation would be the basis for one of only two films ever made about Bond, and Hollywood being Hollywood, would make the story a “spy-comedy spoof”. The other film made was a version of MI6’s Thunderball mission, called “Never Say Never Again” which was released in 1983, and starred Sean Connery (in his mid-fifties) as Bond, who comes out of retirement for one more mission, Barbara Carrera as Fatima Blush, Kim Basinger as Domino Petachi, Klaus Maria Brandauer as Maximillian (instead of Emilio) Largo, and Max von Sydow as Ernst Stavro Blofeld. The movie was mostly filmed in the French Riviera and the Bahamas.

The farcical “Casino Royale” film on the other hand, was an ensemble affair done entirely tongue in cheek. Released in 1967, its cast included David Niven as Sir James Bond, Ursula Andress as retired British secret agent Vesper Lynd, who was forced back into service in exchange for writing off her tax arrears, Peter Sellers as baccarat master, Evelyn Tremble, who would be recruited by Vesper to challenge Le Chiffre at Casino Royale. After the game Le Chiffre hallucinogenic ally tortures Tremble, but Vesper rescues him only to kill him. Barbara Bouchet plays Bond’s new secretary Miss Moneypenny, the daughter of the original Miss Moneypenny. Joanna Pettet played Mata Bond, Bond’s daughter by the famed spy Mata Hari, and Jacqueline Bisset played Miss Goodthighs. The extremely Scottish, Duncan Macrae, played the French agent, Rene Mathis, forcing the confused Evelyn Tremble to state his concern that despite being a French agent Rene spoke with a Scottish accent, Rene replied, “Aye, it worries me too”.

Other cast members included William Holden as CIA executive and agent, Ransome, Daliah Lavi, as British secret agent The Detainer, John Huston as M, who dies from an explosion caused by his own bombardment of Bond’s estate when the cross-spy-agency team visits in the beginning of the film, Terrence Cooper as Coop, a British agent and karate expert who begins training to resist seductive women, and Orson Welles as Le Chiffre, Smersh’s financial agent, who is desperate to win at baccarat to repay the money he has embezzled from the organization.

Its premise was that the criminal organization Smersh was going around assassinating intelligence officers all over the globe, primarily because of their inability to resist sex. It got so extreme that M would lead a contingent of heads of secret service agencies, including French Intelligence, the CIA, and the Russian KGB, to try to talk Bond, retired from the secret service 20 years previously, to help them out. When they all meet on Bond’s estate, a bomb goes off and M dies in the explosion. Ironically he was the culprit behind the attack. Bond comes out of retirement to head MI6. The film’s tagline: “Casino Royale is too much… for one James Bond!” refers to Bond’s ruse to mislead Smersh by having six other agents pretending to be James Bond.

A high-stakes baccarat game was arranged at the Casino Royale, in Royale-les-Eaux in Northern France, and was located atop a giant underground headquarters run by the evil Dr. Noah, who secretly was Sir James’ nephew Jimmy Bond, and played by Woody Allen. Noah was once an MI6 agent but had defected to Smersh to spite his uncle and destroy him by discrediting his “celibate image”.  His plan was to use biological warfare to make all women beautiful, and kill all men over 137 cm (4 ft 6 inch) tall, leaving Noah as the “big man” who gets all the girls. Jimmy captured The Detainer, and pleads with her to please be his partner. She agrees then cons him into swallowing an “atomic time pill” he had developed, making him a walking nuclear devise.

After also being kidnapped by Noah, Bond, Moneypenny, Mata and Coop escape and fight their way back up to the casino. The casino is then overrun by secret agents from many organizations, including British, American, Russian and French support troops. It was chaos in the casino and surrounding grounds. Elsewhere Noah is counting down his nuclear explosion, by his hiccups. When he reaches his last hiccup the pill explodes and vaporizes Casino Royale, killing everyone. Bond and all of his agents then appear as angels flying up into heaven, while Noah is shown falling backwards into hell.

Its main theme song, the instrumental “Casino Royale”, written by Burt Bacharach, was performed by Herb Alpert and the Tijuana brass, while the hit song to come from the film was Dusty Springfield singing “The Look of Love”. The soundtrack album became famous among audio purists for the excellence of its recording. It then became a standard “audiophile test” record for decades to come, especially the vocal performance by Dusty Springfield.

Rumour has it that Bond is now retired, after purchasing a 61,000 sq m (15 acre) patch of land on Oracabessa bay, on the northern coastline of Jamaica, earlier in his career. The former site of a donkey race track, Bond would eventually build a three bedroom home, every window louvered, on a cliff overlooking a private beach on the property which he called Goldeneye. It is said his companion is Dominique “Domino” Derval, the woman he first met years ago during the Thunderball mission. Maybe he’s writing his memoirs, or staring off into space sipping on a Vesper, or painting pictures, but no doubt heavily medicated and hurting aplenty getting out of bed each morning, considering the damage his body has taken. And though the life and times of James Bond seems fictional, regardless, there is no doubt a team of clinical psychologists would have a field day with Bond… James Bond.

 

 

 

 

 

Sources

Ian Fleming, “James Bond” Novels – Casino Royale, Live And Let Die, Moonraker, Diamonds Are Forever, From Russia With Love, Dr No, Goldfinger, For Your Eyes Only, Thunderball, On Her Majesty’s Secret Service, You Only Live Twice. Pan Books Ltd: Toronto, 1964. And from the memories of watching, numerous times, every Bond film ever released.

http://www.ianfleming.com/james-bond/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_James_Bond

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Bond_(literary_character)

http://www.uselessdaily.com/movies/james-bond-43-interesting-facts-about-the-movie-series/#ixzz5NwGeFFVp

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=19bA1jN2sKk

https://ca.ign.com/articles/2012/10/24/25-things-you-probably-didnt-know-about-james-bond

 

06/22/18

How Combinations of Letters Work Sometimes

When words become sing-song,

Osama bin Laden, Barack Hussein Obama, Joe Biden, Saddam Hussein.

National Hockey League players, Zac Rinaldo, Rocco Grimaldi, Jarred Tinordi, all signing one-year deals with the Nashville Predators on the same day in July 2018.

Leading scorers of the Los Angeles Kings early in the 2018/19 season, Alex Iafallo and Tyler Toffoli.

Just saying.

03/30/17

Imogene

Imogene

By Janet James

    No, I’m not amused and I want to go for a smoke. I’ve been sitting here for two hours listening to nattering and bitching about how Johnny was caught by the schoolmaster for kissing Becky What’s-Her-Name and the trouble Mrs. Standish has with her cook. I wish they’d choke on their tea.

    When George and I moved here from the city, he assured me that I’d never be bored and that social functions would fill my calendar. Well, the daytime social functions turned out to be tedious exercises in perseverance while watching equally as tedious women get bloated on tea or tipsy on sherry. Whilst the evening parties are sustained by demure smiles and delicate conversations, like how many debutantes are coming out this year. Not a wicked book or a naked painting to be seen. The boredom is endless.

    Oh god – it’s nearly three o’clock. The rally must have begun already, but hopefully with the strength and conviction of the women attending, it would go on for some time. Maybe I could catch at least the end.

    If George discovered my involvement with the suffragettes or even that I smoke, he’d lock me away or pack me off to the country with some imaginary illness. But then husbands can be like that, so arrogant about tedious virtues. And with the company of these priggish biddies, I feel even more compelled to support what I’ve always believed. The rights of women – they’ve been ignored long enough, but I would find no advocates in this room.

    Oh, Mrs. Riddley, a woman of whopping proportions, is offering yet another round of sweet cakes, and after listening to her go on about the gown she’s having made for her daughter’s coming-out ball, I can’t help but wonder how many bolts of cloth were used, one dozen or two?

    I don’t suppose another feigned headache could get me away from this monotony. I’ve used that excuse for the last three parties. But oh god – can I stand any more of this drivel?

    Servants, planning parties, dressing up, pouring tea – that’s the best these women can do for excitement. What this bunch needs is a good scandal. Not just some maid, who’s become a fallen woman, and oh, how I hate that expression – but something totally unsavoury, rancid even. For that matter, I could light up a cigarette right here and then excuse myself with a sweet smile and say I’m off to the suffragettes’ rally. That would get some attention. Oh, but dare I? What’s to be gained and what’s to be lost? Self-satisfaction – yes, I would most certainly get that and my open support for the suffragettes would lend them strength. But, unfortunately the losses would be mostly George’s. His peers would not treat this lightly and aside from that, he may be totally extricated from his club.

    Ah, perhaps that’s too harsh. Two social disgraces in one day for George would be a bit much. However… “Ahem, excuse me ladies, I’m sorry to have to leave this little gathering, but I must be on my way. I am off to attend the suffragettes’ rally, ta ta.” I’ll light up another time.